Consider the following martingale: $X_1 \sim \mathcal{N}(0, 1)$, and for any $n > 1$, $X_n \sim \mathcal{N}(X_{n-1}, X_{n-1}^2)$ (notice, this is a conditional distribution given $X_{n-1}$).

I am looking for concentration bounds for $X_n$, which I suspect exist, based on numerical simulation.

**Additional information:**

It is easy to see that $\operatorname{Var}(X_n) = 2^{n-1}$, by induction over $n$.

The $n=1$ case is trivial. Since $X_n$ is unbiased, for any $n > 1$, $$\underset{X_n}{\mathbb{E}} \left[X_n^2 \mid X_{n-1} \right] = \underset{X_n}{\mathbb{E}} \left[(X_{n-1} + (X_n - X_{n-1}))^2 \,|\, X_{n-1} \right] = X_{n-1}^2 + \underset{X_n}{\mathbb{E}} \left[(X_n - X_{n-1})^2 \mid X_{n-1} \right] = 2 X_{n-1}^2.$$ Using this fact we get, $$\operatorname{Var}(X_n) = \underset{X_1, \ldots, X_n}{\mathbb{E}} \left[X_n^2 \right] = \underset{X_1, \ldots, X_{n-1}}{\mathbb{E}} \left[ \underset{X_n}{\mathbb{E}} \left[X_n^2 \mid X_{n-1} \right] \right] = \underset{X_1, \ldots, X_{n-1}}{\mathbb{E}} \left[2 X_{n-1}^2 \right] = 2 \operatorname{Var}(X_{n-1}).$$

At first glance, this might lead to the assumption that the distribution becomes less concentrated as $n$ grows, but running some simulations, it seems like the distribution actually gets more concentrated around $0$, and the growth of the variance results from the tails becoming heavier.

It is possible to state this question in a more general form, by defining $X_n \sim \mathcal{N}(X_{n-1}, f(X_{n-1}))$ for any non negative function $f$. A similar question was presented in this thread, but the answers do not apply to this example.

This question has close ties to the method of mixtures (see e.g., Theorem 2.7 in De la Pena et al.), but as far as I understand, none of their results can be used to answer the question, the way it was formalized here.