$\DeclareMathOperator\RoT{RoT}$I'm interested in the following ring. Fix a (Noetherian?) base ring $R$, and consider the category of finitely generated projective $R$-modules equipped with endomorphisms up to isomorphism. Since $\otimes$ distributes over $\oplus$, you can view this as a commutative semiring with those two operations. Then you can quotient by the equivalence that $(V,f) \sim (W,g)$ if there exist $(V^\prime,f^\prime)$ and $(W^\prime,g^\prime)$ such that $(V,f) \oplus (V^\prime,f^\prime) \cong (W,g) \oplus (W^\prime,g^\prime)$ and $f^\prime$ and $g^\prime$ are both commutators $f^\prime = AB - BA$ and $g^\prime = XY - YX$. We get a ring, which I've been calling the "ring of traces" over $R$ or $\RoT(R)$.

When all projective modules over $R$ are free (e.g. $R$ is a field or a PID), then $\RoT(R) \cong R$, and the isomorphism is realized by the trace map (which is why I'm calling it the ring of traces). This is true because all endomorphisms are represented by matrices with entries in $R$, and the commutator subalgebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n(R)$ is $\mathfrak{sl}_n(R)$, the algebra of traceless matrices — any commutator has trace zero and any trace zero matrix is a commutator. You can also show that if $R$ is a Dedekind domain, the ring of traces over $R$ is isomorphic to $R$, though it's a little more involved, and still involves writing endomorphisms in terms of matrices.

**THE QUESTION**: is there a ring $R$ for which this "ring of traces" $\RoT(R)$ is not isomorphic to $R$? Such an $R$ which is Noetherian, and for which $\operatorname{Spec}R$ is smooth (or at least normal) would be ideal, but I can't find one even without those restrictions. If no, can we patch together a scheme which would give an affirmative answer to the analogous question for schemes/vector bundles/endomorphisms?

**EDIT:** In response to the comment below, I should add the following: Note that $(V,f)\oplus(V,g) \sim (V,f+g)$, due to the following calculation involving matrices with entries in $\operatorname{End}(V)$.
$$ \begin{pmatrix} 0 & f & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & g \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0 \\ I_V & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -I_V & 0 \end{pmatrix} - \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0 \\ I_V & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -I_V & 0 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} 0 & f & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & g \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} f & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -f-g & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & g \end{pmatrix} $$
So $(V,f) \oplus (V,-f-g) \oplus (V,g)$ is a commutator.
$$ \begin{pmatrix} 0 & f+g \\ 0 & 0 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 \\ I_V & 0 \end{pmatrix} - \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 \\ I_V & 0 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} 0 & f+g \\ 0 & 0 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} f+g & 0 \\ 0 & -f-g \end{pmatrix} $$
So $(V,f+g) \oplus (V,-f-g)$ is a commutator too.

Adding the second to $(V,f) \oplus (V,g)$, we get $$ (V,f) \oplus (V,g) \sim (V,f) \oplus (V,g) \oplus (V,f+g) \oplus (V,-f-g). $$ Adding the first to $(V,f+g)$, we get $$ (V,f+g) \sim (V,f+g) \oplus (V,f) \oplus (V,-f-g) \oplus (V,g). $$ The right hand sides of the two equivalences are isomorphic to each other (permute the factors), so the left hand sides are equivalent, and $(V,f) \oplus (V,g) \sim (V,f+g)$. Which is a very natural thing to want from something that is supposed to be a trace!

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