Is there a software which can read loudly an arXiv paper for me with a decent quality? I googled a little bit. And there are some research/software for reading texts with formulas. So the question is: are any of them good enough so that there exists an actual living mathematician who uses them without necessity? I mean not a blind one but a lazy one.

UPD: Thanks @bof for the question. I want the audio output to be comprehensible by a human. What I found in my life is that I can watch math/physics/cs youtube videos in my downtime for fun. But there is not much videos on topics of my primarily interests. So I wonder if I can at least generate an audio to listen to. It can be crappy and butcher formulas a bit but it should keep me more engaged than just a plain text.

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    $\begingroup$ I don't believe a human mathematician can do what you want the software to do, if the formulas are very complicated. Is the output supposed to be comprehensible by a human being, or only by another machine? $\endgroup$
    – bof
    Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 2:40
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    $\begingroup$ Most mathematical papers are not written to be read out loud, and many equations are not even spoken out loud by the people writing them — so no, there is probably no good software to do what you are imagining. $\endgroup$
    – user44143
    Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 5:02
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    $\begingroup$ I always teach students that they have to be able to read a mathematical text and their solutions to exercises out loud. It's a check if they really know what is written and meant. $\endgroup$
    – Dirk
    Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 5:10
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    $\begingroup$ I was once invited to give a talk in an audience including a blind person. So, my host asked me to read loudly all I'm writing/displaying. I found this quite useful, even in other circumstances. (By the way, I believe one should ban mathematical terms that are not meant to be pronounceable, such as "rng".) $\endgroup$
    – YCor
    Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 7:14
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    $\begingroup$ @YCor I agree on your “by the way”, but I find “rng” surprisingly comprehensible when someone says it to me. It sounds like someone starting an engine, a sound I now associate with losing my identity. Worse is the French translation “annau”, for obvious reasons… $\endgroup$ Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 8:05

1 Answer 1


Most formula-to-speech software only works with MathML, so you would first need to convert the LaTeX you find on arXiv.

There may be an alternative, under development for AWS:
Tex2Speech takes LaTeX documents and converts them into spoken audio.

Here is the documentation, and this is how it sounds when confronted with a simple equation.

It looks promising, but I read that you need an account with AWS, which may well complicate things.


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