The methods of Edel's lower bound, which I have improved in this paper, are not specific to the setting of $\mathbb{F}_3^n$ as far as I can see. My result and Edel's both come from considering 3 cap sets $A_0, A_1, A_2 \subseteq \mathbb{F}_3^6$ and then extending them, but these ideas can be used for any $\mathbb{F}_p^n$, I believe. Taking direct products and their unions, which is the construction of Edel, should be possible in general characteristic.

It does depend what you mean by the problem in other finite fields, since cap set is a definition specific to $\mathbb{F}_3^n$. Do you mean no non trivial solutions to $x+y+z=0$, no non trivial solutions to $x+y=2z$, no 3APs or no lines? In characteristic 3, these are equivalent, but they are not in general!

The no lines definition is often called a 'cap' in the design theory and finite geometry literature, and is the object of study in Edel's paper. He does state and prove everything for general finite fields, but the only examples of affine caps he discusses are in characteristic 3. By contrast, my paper only studies the setting of $\mathbb{F}_3^n$.

The construction relies on 2 things:

- A collection of cap sets, which satisfy certain structural conditions (I call this 'extendable', Edel calls it 'property $E_L$')
- Indexing sets (which I call 'admissible sets', but Edel calls 'capsets')

Depending on what you mean by 'other configurations in the finite field setting', I think a version of the extended product of Edel should be possible, but it requires good examples from low dimensions, which are mostly (I think) only known for cap sets (that is, in $\mathbb{F}_3^n$).