A Poisson structure on a smooth manifold $M$ is a map $C^\infty(M)\times C^\infty(M)\times C^\infty(M)$ satisfying certain conditions.

For a vector space $V$, we can talk about a Poisson structure on $V$ (seeing $V$ as $\mathbb{R}^n$ for some $n$, if necessary).

A Poisson structure on $V$ would then be a map $\{-,-\}_V:C^\infty(V)\times C^\infty(V)\times C^\infty(V)$ satisfying certain conditions. The vector space structure would let us consider a special subset of $C^\infty(V)$, namely the dual space $L(V,\mathbb{R})=V^*$.

One can ask if the map $\{-,-\}_V$ restricts to give a map $[-,-]:V^*\times V^*\rightarrow V^*$. If $\{-,-\}_V$ is such a map, then, we call the Poisson structure $\{-,-\}_V$ to be a linear Poisson structure. The Jacobi condition satisfied by $\{-,-\}_V$ will make sure that $[-,-]$ satisfies Jacobi condition. Thus, gives a Lie algebra structure on $V^*$. So, a linear Poisson structure on a vector space gives a Lie algebra structure on $V^*$.

Calling a vector space with a linear Poissons structure as a linear Poisson vector space, we see that there is a mapping from the collection of linear Poisson vector spaces to the collection of Lie algebras.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra, and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ be the dual of $\mathfrak{g}$ (ignoring the Lie bracket structure). For any vector space $V$, we have the natural (evaluation) map $V\rightarrow V^{**}=L(V^*,\mathbb{R})$. The same would be the case fo $\mathfrak{g}$, we have the map $\varphi:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow L(\mathfrak{g}^*; \mathbb{R})$. Seeing $L(\mathfrak{g}^*; \mathbb{R})$ as subspace of $C^\infty(\mathfrak{g}^*)$, we can think of $\varphi$ as a map $\varphi:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow C^\infty(\mathfrak{g}^*)$.

One can ask if there exists a Lie algebra structure on $C^\infty(\mathfrak{g}^*)$ so that, the map $\varphi:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow C^\infty(\mathfrak{g}^*)$ becomes a morphism of Lie algebras. One can further ask if that structure satisfies the Leibniz condition to become a Poisson structure on $\mathfrak{g}^*$. It turns out such structure exists. By the very definition (asking $\varphi$ to be a Lie algebra morphism), the Poisson structure on $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is seen to be a linear Poisson structure. Thus, given a Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, we get a linear Poisson vector space. Thus, there is a one-one correspondence

$$\left\{\text{linear Poisson vector spaces}\right\}\leftrightarrow\left\{\text{Lie algebras}\right\}.$$

A vector bundle over a manifold $M$ can be seen as a collection of vector spaces that fit together nicely. So, if we want to talk about a linear Poisson structure on a vector bundle $E\rightarrow M$, one possible thing to do is to ask that on each fiber there is a linear Poisson structure that fit together nicely.

Let $E\rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle. Start with a Poisson structure $\pi:C^\infty(E)\times C^\infty(E)\rightarrow C^\infty(E)$. With no extra conditions, this gives a map $\pi_m:C^\infty(E_m)\times C^\infty(E_m)\rightarrow C^\infty(E_m)$ for each $m\in M$.

- we ask that, these $\pi_m$ are linear Poisson structures on $E_m$ for each $m\in M$.

By above discussion, this gives a Lie algebra structure on $E_m^*$ for $m\in M$.

Thus, starting with a Poisson structure on $E$, assuming some conditions, we get a collection of Lie algebras $\{E_m^*\times E_m^*\rightarrow E_m^*\}$ indexed by elements of $M$. As the vector space structures on fibers $\{E_m\}_{m\in M}$ are nicely fit together, we would want the same from the Lie algebra structures $\{[-,-]_m:E_m^*\times E_m^*\rightarrow E_m^*\}_{m\in M}$. One way to ask this is that, these Lie brackets combine to give a Lie algebroid $E^*\rightarrow M$.

I am thinking about the following question:

How can one formalize the above mentioned idea of asking for some extra conditions to be satisfied by a Poisson structure $\{-,-\}_E$ on $E$ to give a Lie algebroid $E^*\rightarrow M$.

In literature there are already some definitions (I could not fully appreciate them) of linear Poisson structures on vector bundles. Is the definition proposed above differ very much from the existing notion or, is there any obvious relation between existing notion and the one mentioned above?