Actually, this happens for all natural $b$. Notice that
$$
\frac{1}{b}=\frac{1}{b+1}+\frac{1}{b^2+b}
$$
and iterate this identity. You will get
$$
\frac{1}{b}=\frac{1}{b+1}+\frac{1}{b^2+b+1}+\frac{1}{(b^2+b)(b^2+b+1)+1}+\ldots,
$$
i.e.
$$
\frac{1}{b}=\sum_n \frac{1}{a_n},
$$
where $a_1=b+1$ and $a_{n+1}=a_n^2-a_n+1$. This is similar to Sylvester's sequence and one can easily see that this sequence grows doubly exponentially.

EDIT: To produce example for which $a_{n+1}/a_n$ goes to infinity as slowly as you want, use the identity
$$
\frac{1}{q-1}=\frac{1}{q}+\ldots+\frac{1}{q^n}+\frac{1}{q^n(q-1)}.
$$
This identity implies, for example, that if you got some finite sum like
$$
1/b=1/a_1+\ldots+1/a_k
$$
and your last term is divisible by $q-1$, you can insert (essentially) a finite geometric progression instead of the last term.
For example, start with
$$
1=1/2+1/4+1/4.
$$
Replace $1/4$ with
$$
1/6+1/18+1/54+1/108.
$$
(here we take $q=3$ and $n=3$). Then for $1/108$ you can take $q=n=4$ etc.