$\newcommand{\R}{\mathbb R}\newcommand{\de}{\delta}\newcommand{\ep}{\epsilon}$The implications 1$\iff$3 follow because $[0,\infty]$ is homeomorphic to $[0,1]$, with the preservation of the order. Such an order-preserving homeomorphism $g\colon[0,\infty]\to[0,1]$ is given by $g(x):=x/(1+x)$ for $x\in[0,\infty)$, with $g(\infty):=1$. Consider the pushforward probability measures
\begin{equation*}
\text{$\nu:=\mu g^{-1}$ and $\nu_n:=\mu_n g^{-1}$} \tag{1}
\end{equation*}
on $[0,1]$. Since $g$ is a homeomorphism, a function $f\colon[0,1]\to\R$ is continuous and bounded iff the function $f\circ g\colon[0,\infty]\to\R$ is continuous and bounded. Also, by the change of variables for measures, for any bounded Borel-measurable function $f\colon[0,1]\to\R$,
\begin{equation*}
\int_{[0,1]}f\,d\nu=\int_{[0,\infty]}(f\circ g)\,d\mu, \quad
\int_{[0,1]}f\,d\nu_n=\int_{[0,\infty]}(f\circ g)\,d\mu_n. \tag{2}
\end{equation*}
It follows that $\mu_n\to\mu$ (weakly) iff $\nu_n\to\mu$. So, Claim 1 holds for $\mu,\mu_n$ iff it holds for $\nu,\nu_n$.

Also, since $g$ preserves the order, $F_\mu=F_\nu\circ g$ and $F_{\mu_n}=F_{\nu_n}\circ g$, where $F_\nu$ and $F_{\nu_n}$ are the cumulative distribution functions for $\nu$ and $\nu_n$. So, Claim 3 holds for $\mu,\mu_n$ iff it holds $\nu,\nu_n$.

So, the implications 1$\iff$3 for $\mu,\mu_n$
follow from the usual implications 1$\iff$3 for probability measures $\nu,\nu_n$ on $[0,1]$, which latter may be identified with probability measures on $\R$.

Let us now prove implication 2$\implies$3. Assume indeed that Claim 2 holds.
Let $F:=F_\mu$ and $F_n:=F_{\mu_n}$.
Let $C_F$ denote the set of all points of continuity of $F$ in $[0,\infty]$. Take any $x\in C_F$. Take any real $\de>0$. Then for some $\ep=\ep_\de\in(0,\de)$ we have
\begin{equation*}
0\le\max(|F(x-\ep)-F(x)|,|F(x+\ep)-F(x)|)\le\de.
\end{equation*}
Since Claim 2 holds, there is some natural $n_\ep=n_{\ep_\de}$ such that
\begin{equation*}
F(x-\ep)-\ep\le F_n(x)\le F(x+\ep)+\ep
\end{equation*}
for $n\ge n_\ep$. So,
\begin{align*}
|F_n(x)-F(x)|&\le\max(|F(x-\ep)-\ep-F(x)|,|F(x+\ep)+\ep-F(x)|) \\
&\le\ep+\max(|F(x-\ep)-F(x)|,|F(x+\ep)-F(x)|) \\
&\le\ep+\de\le2\de.
\end{align*}
This completes the proof of implication 2$\implies$3.

Implication 3$\implies$2 does not hold in general. E.g., let here $\mu$ and $\mu_n$ be the Dirac measures $\de_\infty$ and $\de_n$, respectively. Then $F(x)=1(x=\infty)$ and $F_n(x)=1(x\ge n)$ for $x\in[0,\infty]$, so that $C_F=[0,\infty)$ and hence Claim 3 holds. However, for all $\ep\in[0,1)$ and all natural $n$ we have $F_n(n)=1>\ep=F(n+\ep)+\ep$, so that $d(F_n,F)\ge1$ and hence Claim 2 does not hold.

However, implication 3$\implies$2 will hold if we additionally assume $\infty\in C_F$, that is, $\mu(\{\infty\})=0$. Indeed, assume that Claim 3 holds and take any real $\ep>0$. Since $\infty\in C_F$ and $F(\infty)=1$, and because $C_F$ is dense in $[0,\infty)$, there is some real $c_*\in[0,\infty)\cap C_F$ such that
\begin{equation*}
1-F(c_*)\le\ep/2. \tag{3}
\end{equation*}
Moreover, there exist some natural $k$ and some $c_0,\dots,c_k$ in $C_F$ such that
\begin{equation*}
(-\infty,0]\ni c_0<\cdots<c_k=c_*
\end{equation*}
and
\begin{equation*}
c_{j+1}-c_j\le\ep
\end{equation*}
for all $j=0,\dots,k-1$.
Next, for some natural $n_\ep$, all natural $n\ge n_\ep$, and all $j=0,\dots,k$,

\begin{equation*}
|F_n(c_j)-F(c_j)|\le\ep/2.
\end{equation*}

Take now any $x\in[0,\infty]$ and any natural $n\ge n_\ep$. If $x\ge c_k[=c_*]$, then, in view of (3),
\begin{equation*}
F_n(x)\le1\le F(c_k)+\ep/2\le F(x)+\ep/2\le F(x+\ep)+\ep,
\end{equation*}
\begin{equation*}
F_n(x)\ge F_n(c_k)\ge F(c_k)-\ep/2\ge1-\ep\ge F(x-\ep)-\ep,
\end{equation*}
so that
\begin{equation}
F(x-\ep)-\ep\le F_n(x)\le F(x+\ep)+\ep. \tag{4}
\end{equation}
If $x<c_k$, then for some $j\in\{0,\dots,k-1\}$ we have $c_j\le x\le c_{j+1}$ and hence
\begin{equation*}
F_n(x)\le F_n(c_{j+1})\le F(c_{j+1})+\ep/2\le F(x+\ep)+\ep,
\end{equation*}
\begin{equation*}
F_n(x)\ge F_n(c_j)\ge F(c_j)-\ep/2\ge F(x-\ep)-\ep.
\end{equation*}
So, (4) holds for all $x\in[0,\infty]$ and all natural $n\ge n_\ep$. So, Claim 2 holds.
This completes the proof of implication 3$\implies$2 (assuming $\infty\in C_F$).
$\Box$