Suppose $\kappa$ is a weakly inaccessible cardinal with the tree property. What can we say about the height of $\kappa$? Is it a weakly-hyper-Mahlo of some sort? Does it enjoy some kind of indescribability property? Of course it is weakly compact in $L$, but I am interested in what height properties we can say it has in a universe where $\kappa$ is not strongly inaccessible.

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    $\begingroup$ By the work of Boos, the least weakly Mahlo cardinal can have the tree property. $\endgroup$ Dec 21, 2020 at 17:26
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    $\begingroup$ I think it is open if the least weakly inaccessible can have the tree property. $\endgroup$ Dec 21, 2020 at 17:28
  • $\begingroup$ What is the height of $\kappa$? $\endgroup$
    – Asaf Karagila
    Dec 21, 2020 at 18:18
  • $\begingroup$ @MohammadGolshani Great! Can you give a reference? $\endgroup$ Dec 21, 2020 at 22:21
  • $\begingroup$ @AsafKaragila I just mean some description of “how many” cardinals are below $\kappa$, like not only $\kappa$-many but stationary many regulars, and moreover a stationary many with that property, blah blah. $\endgroup$ Dec 21, 2020 at 22:22

1 Answer 1


In his paper Boolean extensions which efface the Mahlo property William Boos proves the following consistency result:

Theorem. Assume GCH holds and $\kappa$ is weakly compact. Then there exists a cardinal preserving generic extension of the universe in which $\kappa$ is the least weakly Mahlo cardinal and the tree property holds at $\kappa$.

The proof of the theorem is very similar to that of Mitchell, the main difference is that at Mahlo cardinals below $\kappa$ he adds a club of singular cardinals into that cardinal.

The following is asked in the paper and is still open:

Question. Is it consistent that the tree property hold at the least weakly inaccessible cardinal?

  • $\begingroup$ In my last visit of Vienna, Yair and I discussed this question and Yair had some ideas, but we could not find any other time to discuss it again. He may give some more information about the question. $\endgroup$ Dec 22, 2020 at 3:47

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