I'm trying to understand how to establish regularity for elliptic equations on bounded domains with Neumann data.

For simplicity, let's presume we are focusing on $-\Delta u = f$ in $\Omega$ and $\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$. Interior regularity works the same as always.

When proving boundary regularity, for the dirichlet boundary case we first consider some ball $B(0,1) \cap \mathbb{R}_+^n$ and let $\xi = 1$ on $B(0,1/2)$, $\xi = 0$ on $\mathbb{R}^n - B(0,1)$ and then estimate all derivatives $\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_i \partial x_j}$ except $\partial^2 u/\partial x_n^2$. Two main points are needed

1) $\xi$ vanishes on the curved part of $B(0,1) \cap \mathbb{R}_+^n$\

2) $u=0$ on $\{x_n=0\}$.

This allows us to let $-\partial_{x_i} (\xi \partial_{x_j} u)$ (with derivatvies replaced by difference quotients) be an admissible test function for our weak definitoin of a solution.

I presume **the main difficulty in neumann boundary data is making your test function be admissible**. In other words, we would need $\int v = 0$ since our existence was established on $H^1(\Omega)$ restricted to mean value zero functions.

So in order to proceed, can we just subtract off a constant from our original $-\partial_{x_i}(\xi \partial_{x_j}u)$? Is there some more natural way to establish regularity in this case? I do not want to take advantage of the fact that we have a green's function in this case however as I only chose the Laplace equation for simplicity.