This consists in classifying non-elliptic elements of the Lie group $\mathrm{Isom}(\mathbf{H}^n)\simeq\mathrm{PO}(n,1)$ up to conjugacy and inversion.

One can do separately loxodromics and horocyclics ("parabolics").

*Loxodromics:* they have two invariants: the translation length (a positive real number), and the transverse isometry, namely an isometry of $\mathbf{H}^{n-1}$ fixing a point (up to conjugation fixing this point), and this is classified by an element of $\mathrm{O}(n-1)$ up to conjugation [and inversion].

*Horocyclics:* they are classified by their action on the horosphere (which is a non-geodesic copy of the Euclidean space $\mathbf{R}^{n-1}$, modulo conjugation [and inversion] by the whole group of similarities. Hence, by a non-elliptic isometry of $\mathbf{R}^{n-1}$, modulo conjugation by similarities. In general, the horocyclic is orthogonal direct sum of a nontrivial translation and an element of $\mathrm{O}(n-2)$. Hence horocyclics are classified by conjugacy classes of $\mathrm{O}(n-2)$.

The horocyclic case corresponds to the existence of a cusp in the quotient manifold. If one sticks to orientable manifolds, one should restrict to $\mathrm{SO}(n-1)$ in the loxodromic case and $\mathrm{SO}(n-2)$ in the horocyclic case.

["And inversion" will not play any role since it follows that all isometries are conjugate to their inverse, since this holds in $\mathrm{O}(k)$ for every $k$.]

Let's specify in small dimension:

$n=2$: loxodromics are classified by a positive real number, and a sign (preserving or not the orientation). There's a single horocyclic (orientation-preserving).

$n=3$: loxodromics are classified by a positive real number, and by an element of $\mathrm{O}(2)$ up to conjugation (hence, either a rotation of angle in $[0,\pi]$, or a reflection). Horocyclics: it can be a translation, or a glide reflection.

$n=4$: loxodromics are classified by a positive real number, and by an element of $\mathrm{O}(3)$ up to conjugation (hence a rotation or antirotation of angle in $[0,\pi]$). Horocyclics: classified by some conjugacy class of $\mathrm{O}(2)$.

Topological classification:

actually, in the orientable case, the quotient manifold is analytically diffeomorphic to $\mathbf{R}^{n-1}\times (\mathbf{R}/\mathbf{Z})$, and in the non-orientable case, it is analytically diffeomorphic to $\mathbf{R}^{n-2}\times (\text{Möbius})$.

Indeed, in both case one sees that the isometry is analytically conjugate to a non-elliptic isometry of the Euclidean space $\mathbf{R}^n$. Such an isometry can be conjugated to have the form $f:(t,y)\mapsto (t+1,Sy)$ with $t\in\mathbf{R}$, $y\in\mathbf{R}^{n-1}$ and $S\in\mathrm{O}(n-1)$. If $S\in\mathrm{SO}(n-1)$, there is a 1-parameter subgroup $(S^t)$ with $S^1=S$, and conjugating $f$ by the analytic self-diffeomorphism $(t,y)\mapsto (t,S^ty)$ yields a translation. If $S\notin\mathrm{SO}(n-1)$, write $f$ as $(t,u,z)\mapsto (t+1,-u,Tz)$ with $z\in\mathbf{R}^{n-2}$ and $T\in\mathrm{SO}(n-2)$. Then conjugating as above only on the last variable conjugates to $(t,u,z)\mapsto t+1,-u,z)$ and this yields the requested description.