# Dihedral fields $L/\mathbb{Q}$ of degree $2^{k+1}$

Let $$L/\mathbb{Q}$$ be a dihedral extension of degree $$2^{k+1}$$, namely that $$L$$ is Galois over $$\mathbb{Q}$$ and $$\text{Gal}(L/\mathbb{Q}) \cong D_{2^k}$$, the dihedral group on $$2^{k+1}$$ elements.

There is a unique quadratic subfield $$K$$ of $$L$$ such that $$L/K$$ is a cyclic degree $$2^k$$ extension when $$k \geq 2$$, corresponding to the unique index-2 cyclic subgroup.

My questions are:

1) For a fixed real quadratic field $$K$$, how do we parametrize all such $$L$$ satisfying the above properties, for fixed $$k$$?

2) How do we determine when $$L/K$$ is an unramified extension of number fields?

• The statement "There is a unique quadratic subfield such that $L/K$ is cyclic" is true for $k+1\ge 3$ but false for $k+1=2$, in which case there are 3 such subfields. Indeed, the number of cyclic subgroups of index 2 in $D_{2^k}$ (dihedral of order $2^{k+1}$) is $1$ for $k+1\ge 3$ (or $k+1=1$) but is $3$ for $k+1=2$. – YCor Oct 11 '19 at 14:24
• You are right; when $k + 1 = 2$ the group is the Klein 4-group which is abelian and contains three quadratic subfields. I meant to exclude this case. I will edit the question to reflect this. – Stanley Yao Xiao Oct 11 '19 at 15:42

2) We compute the relative discriminant and check whether it is trivial. But I guess that wasn*t what you meant to ask. Reichardt [Zur Struktur der absoluten Idealklassengruppe im quadratischen Zahlkörper; J. reine Angew. Math. 170, 75-82 (1933)] showed how to construct the class fields you are looking for step by step. At each step of the tower you have to solve an equation of the form $$ax^2 - by^2 = z^2$$ with coefficients lying in the last field you have constructed.