The affine curve-shortening flow (ACSF) seems to satisfy the following properties, even if the initial curve(s) is (are) self-intersecting (at least as long as they are "nice enough"):

(1) The length of the curve strictly decreases with time.

(2) The number of self-intersections of a curve never increases. Similarly, the number of intersections between two curves never increases.

(3) If the curve is simple (no self-intersections) then the number of inflection points never increases.

(4) The total absolute curvature decreases strictly until it settles at $2\pi$.

Are there any references for these properties?

Regarding (1), this property is stated in the Wikipedia for the CSF, but not for the ACSF.

Regarding (2), we know by the "avoidance principle" that if the number of intersections or self-intersections is 0 then it stays 0. Furthermore, Angenent et al. [1] in Section 10 address the case of intersections between two curves. But I'm not sure if they assume the curves to be simple throughout their paper.

Regarding (3), I think this is stated in [1] at the beginning of Section 9, when they say that the number of sign changes of kappa does not increase with time. Do I understand correctly? However, property (3) is clearly false if the curve self-intersects, because the disappearance of a self-intersection might create inflection points. The fact that [1] do not qualify their statement makes me think that they are only dealing with simple curves.

Regarding (4), Theorem 15.1 in [1] just says that the total absolute curvature *tends* to $2\pi$. But Lemma 9.6 earlier seems to say that the total absolute curvature is decreasing. Am I correct? And is the property true even for self-intersecting curves?

[1] *Angenent, Sigurd; Sapiro, Guillermo; Tannenbaum, Allen*, **On the affine heat equation for non-convex curves**, J. Am. Math. Soc. 11, No. 3, 601-634 (1998). ZBL0902.35048.