Let $R$ be a finite von Neumann algebra and $S$ be a von Neumann subalgebra of $R$. Does every normal tracial state on $S$ extend to a normal tracial state on $R$?
No, if $\Gamma$ is a group without torsion and with the Infinite conjugacy class property then the algebra $L\Gamma$ is a factor of type $II$ and has only one normal tracial state.
Now, let $x $ in $\Gamma$ different from the identity. The von Neumann algebra $S$ generated by $x$ is isomorphic to $L^\infty(S^1)$, the algebra of measurable functions on the circle. It has many normal tracial states.