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If I have the following integral equation $$\phi(\vec{x})=\frac{1}{\pi}\int [\phi\frac{\partial (\ln r)}{\partial n} -\ln(r) \frac{\partial \phi}{\partial n}] ds$$

An approximate solution of $\phi$ is obtained numerically by dividing the boundary into a finite number of segments ,N.

So we can write $$\phi(\vec x_j)=\sum_{i=1}^{N} [\phi(\vec x_i)\frac{\partial \ln(r_{ij})}{\partial n} -\ln(r_{ij})\frac{\partial \phi}{\partial n}(\vec x_i)]\Delta s_i $$ Where $\Delta s_j$ represents the boundary segment length and $r_{ij}$ is the distance between the $i^{th}$ and the $j^{th}$ segment

So It's easy to write $$\frac{\partial \ln(r_{ij})}{\partial n}=\frac{1}{r_{ij}}[-\frac{(x_i -x_j)}{r_{ij}}(\frac{\Delta y}{\Delta x})_j +\frac{(y_i -y_j)}{r_{ij}}(\frac{\Delta x}{\Delta y})_j ]\Delta s_j$$ And $$Z_{ij}=[\ln(r_{ij})]\Delta s_j$$

Prove that $$\lim_{j \to i} \frac{\partial \ln(r_{ij})}{\partial n}=[\frac{(-x_{ss} y_s + x_s y_{ss})_i}{2}]\Delta s_i$$

My try $$\lim_{j \to i} \frac{\partial \ln(r_{ij})}{\partial n}=\lim_{h\to 0}\frac{-(x_i -x_{i+h})(y'_{i+h})+(y_i - y_{i+h})(x'_{i+h})}{(x_i -x_{i+h})^2 +(y_i -y_{i+h})^2}$$

Using $$x_{i+h}=x_i +h x'_i +(h^2/2) x''_i$$ and $$x'_{i+h}=x'_i +hx''_i$$ Hence we get the required result

My question How to prove that $$\lim_{j \to i} Z_{ij} = [\ln(\frac{\Delta s_i}{2})-1]\Delta s_i$$

I have read this in an article enter image description here

And enter image description here

Thanks in advance .

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  • $\begingroup$ $i$ and $j$ are discrete, right? So what do you mean by taking the limit? Do you really just mean $Z_{ii}$? $\endgroup$ – David Ketcheson May 12 '19 at 10:52
  • $\begingroup$ I have updated my post $\endgroup$ – Mahmoud Hassan May 12 '19 at 11:09
  • $\begingroup$ I want to get $(G)_{ii}$ So I had to take the limit ,We have removable singularity . $\endgroup$ – Mahmoud Hassan May 12 '19 at 11:10
  • $\begingroup$ If we have two points on the boundary and the distance $r_{ii}=0$ That's the problem , Correct me If I understood wrong $\endgroup$ – Mahmoud Hassan May 12 '19 at 11:14
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You want the relation between $\phi(x)$ evaluated at a point $x$ on the boundary and the derivative $\partial\phi/\partial n$ evaulated at the same point $x$, which is given by $$\phi(x)=\frac{\partial\phi(x)}{\partial n}\int_{-\Delta s/2}^{\Delta s/2}\ln |s|\,ds=[\ln(\Delta s/2)-1]\Delta s\frac{\partial\phi(x)}{\partial n}.$$ Hence $G_{ii}=[\ln(\Delta s/2)-1]\Delta s$, as desired.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you very much .Is my try to get $(G_n)_{ii}$ wrong ? I have got $\frac{-x_{ss} y_s + x_s y_{ss}}{2(x^2_s + y^2_s)}$ Because I have tried to follow the same procedure to get $G_{ii}$ but I couldn't , And what is the relation between $\Delta s_j$ and $r_{ij}$ $\endgroup$ – Mahmoud Hassan May 14 '19 at 19:07
  • $\begingroup$ as it says in the paper you cited, $r_{ij}$ is the distance between the $i$-th and the $j$-th boundary segment of length $\Delta s_j=\Delta s_i\equiv \Delta s$; you are basically replacing $\ln r_{ij}$ by the average over a boundary segment, which is $\ln(\Delta s/2)-1$. $\endgroup$ – Carlo Beenakker May 14 '19 at 20:04

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