What are the examples of practical applications of Sobolev spaces?
The framework of Sobolev spaces is very useful in the theoretical analysis of PDEs and variational problems: the questions of existence, stability and regularity of solutions, convergence of numerical methods etc. But what are the examples of less theoretical uses of Sobolev spaces? In particular, what are the examples of
- PDEs whose explicit solution can only be found using the theory of Sobolev spaces
- problems when Sobolev spaces are an essential ingredient of otherwise impossible computation of some physically relevant quantity (heat flux, drag force etc.)
- PDEs from Physics (or other areas) when the solutions are not smooth but are Sobolev (by nature of the problem).
Remark. Maybe this has to be a community wiki question.