# Eigenvalue Argument Perturbation

Given two square matrices $A$ and $B$. There are quite some results on the distance between the eigenvalues, e.g.,

$$| \lambda_A - \lambda_B | \leq \| A - B \|_F,$$ where $A$ and $B$ are Hermitian (see here for more). I am looking for similar results for the argument of the eigenvalues, for example
$$| arg(\lambda_A) - arg(\lambda_B) | \leq \| A - B \|_?$$ One simple instance I have found: if invertible $A$ is normal, given the polar decomposition $A = UP$, then $| arg(\lambda_A) - arg(\lambda_U) | = 0$. Can this result be extended in terms of perturbation?

Uhm, it does not hold even in $\mathbb{R}^{1\times 1}$. $A=\varepsilon, B = -\varepsilon$ gives $LHS=\pi$, $RHS = 2\varepsilon$.
• @SebastianSchlecht All 1x1 matrices are normal. What is your definition of argument? Isn't it $arg(-1)=\pi$, $arg(1)=0$? May 23, 2018 at 11:38
• Yes, I agree on the definition. What I wanted to say is that in the normal matrix example I have given, the perturbation is $P$. Therefore your example would not occur.