I apologize if I may have gotten the name of the function incorrectly. The function $\gamma_h(x)$ is defined in Appendix A of the paper SEIBERG-WITTEN THEORY AND RANDOM PARTITIONS, https://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0306238.pdf by the relation \begin{equation} \gamma_h(x+h) + \gamma_h(x-h) - 2\gamma_h(x) = \log\left(x\right). \end{equation} For small $h$ we can write $\gamma_h(x) = \sum_{g=0}^\infty h^{2g - 2}\tilde\gamma_g(x)$. Using the relation above we found that $\tilde{\gamma}$ are determined uniquely up to linear terms in $x$ : \begin{equation} \tilde\gamma_0(x) = \frac{1}{2}x^2\log\left(x\right) - \frac{3}{4}x^2, \ \tilde\gamma_1(x) = -\frac{1}{12}\log(x), \ \tilde\gamma_2 = -\frac{1}{240}\frac{1}{x^2}, \end{equation} $..., \tilde{\gamma}_g(x) = (B_{2g}/2g(2g - 2))(1/x^{2g-2}), ...$.

It seems from here that $\gamma_h(x)$ should approaches $\infty$ as $x\rightarrow 0$. However, the author claimed on the next page (page 79) that $\gamma_h(0) = -1/12$.

So I'm quite confused how can this be consistent? Does it mean that the formulas for $\tilde{\gamma}_g$ above (Equation (A.3) in the paper) is not valid for $x$ close to $0$? Any pointers to any references would be helpful, thank you.

  • $\begingroup$ Just use (A.5). $\endgroup$
    – Jon
    Apr 19, 2018 at 13:13
  • $\begingroup$ Is it right to say that the formula for $\tilde{\gamma}_g$ above only works for $x \rightarrow \infty, h \approx 0$ and I should take (A.5) as the definition? $\endgroup$
    – user113988
    Apr 20, 2018 at 1:42
  • $\begingroup$ I would so because this function is in strong need of regularization and (A.5) grants a finite result for $x\rightarrow 0$. $\endgroup$
    – Jon
    Apr 20, 2018 at 6:02


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