# One question about compensated Poisson process

Let $N$ be a Poisson process with parameter $\lambda$, that is, for $a>b\geq0$, there is $$P[N(a,b)=k]=\frac{((a-b)\lambda)^k}{k!}e^{-(a-b)\lambda}.$$ Now denote $N_t=N[0,t)$ and define $$M_t=N_t-\lambda t\qquad 0\leq t<\infty.$$ we can easily show that $M$ is a Martingale. Now the question is, prove that for any $c>0$, there is \begin{align*} \limsup_{t\rightarrow\infty}&P\left[\sup_{s\leq t}M_s\geq c\sqrt{\lambda t}\right]\leq\frac{1}{c\sqrt{2\pi}}\\ &E\left[\sup_{s\leq u\leq t}\left(\frac{M_u}{u}\right)^2\right]\leq\frac{4t\lambda}{s^2} \end{align*} The main difficulty I meet is how to describe the $sup$ of random variables and how to make use of the fact that $M$ is a martingale to evaluate the probability.

$\newcommand{\ep}{\epsilon} \newcommand{\ga}{\gamma} \newcommand{\la}{\lambda} \newcommand{\Si}{\Sigma} \newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}} \newcommand{\E}{\operatorname{\mathsf E}} \newcommand{\PP}{\operatorname{\mathsf P}}$

If $(S_t)_{t\ge0}$ is a nonnegative submartingale, then the following Dood inequalities hold: $$P(\sup_{0\le u\le t} S_u\ge x)\le ES_u/x \tag{1}$$ for $x>0$ and $$\|\sup_{0\le u\le t} S_u\|_p\le\frac p{p-1}\,\|S_t\|_p \tag{2}$$ for $p>1$, where $t>0$ and $\|X\|_p:=(E|X|^p)^{1/p}$.

Using (1) with $S_u=\max(0,M_u)$, we have \begin{multline*} P(\sup_{s\le t}M_s\ge c\sqrt{\la t}) =P(\sup_{s\le t}\max(0,M_s)\ge c\sqrt{\la t}) \\ \le\frac{E\max(0,M_t)}{c\sqrt{\la t}} \underset{t\to\infty}\longrightarrow\frac{E\max(0,Z)}{c}=\frac1{c\sqrt{2\pi}} \end{multline*} by the central limit theorem, where $Z\sim N(0,1)$.

Using (2) with $S_u=M_u^2$, for $0<s<t$ we have $$E\sup_{s\le u\le t}\left(\frac{M_u}{u}\right)^2 \le \frac1{s^2}\,E\sup_{s\le u\le t}M_u^2 \le \frac1{s^2}\,\Big(\frac 2{2-1}\Big)^2\,EM_t^2 =\frac{4t\la}{s^2}.$$