Mathematica finds

```
Integrate[Sin[a*Cos[t]]*b^n*Cos[t]^n,{t, 0, 2*Pi},Assumptions->n \[Element] Integers&&n>0]
```

$$-\frac{1}{2} \pi a \left((-1)^n-1\right) b^n \Gamma \left(\frac{n}{2}+1\right) \, _1\tilde{F}_2\left(\frac{n+2}{2};\frac{3}{2},\frac{n+3}{2};-\frac{a^2}{4}\right) $$

and

```
Integrate[Cos[t]^n/(1 + b*Cos[t]), {t, 0, 2*Pi},
Assumptions -> n \[Element] Integers && n >= 0 && b > -1 && b < 0]
```

$$-\left(2 \sqrt{\pi } (-i b)^{-n} \left(\cos \left(\frac{\pi n}{2}\right)+i \sin \left(\frac{\pi n}{2}\right)\right) \left((-i b)^n \cos \left(\frac{\pi n}{2}\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n+1}{2}\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n-1}{2}\right) \, _2F_1\left(\frac{1}{2},1;\frac{3-n}{2};\frac{1}{1-b^2}\right)+i b (-i b)^n \sin \left(\frac{\pi n}{2}\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n}{2}\right)^2 \, _2F_1\left(\frac{1}{2},1;1-\frac{n}{2};\frac{1}{1-b^2}\right)+2 \sqrt{\pi -\pi b^2} \Gamma \left(\frac{n}{2}\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n+1}{2}\right)\right)\right. $$

$$\left(\left(b^2-1\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n}{2}\right) \Gamma \left(\frac{n+1}{2}\right)\right)^{-1}$$

Therefore, the integral under consideration can be expressed as a series.