Yes, it is the standard material. The group is a discrete group of fractional-linear transformations of the upper half-plane, freely generated by $n-1$ parabolic transformations. There are many books discussing this, for example,
L. R. Ford, Automorphic functions. Finding the group generators from the given points is a difficult problem: it is essentially an existence theorem, and the dependence of the generators on the points is complicated and highly transcendental. There are many detailed studies of small cases, for example the
first non-trivial case $n=4$ and all points real. This is called the "problem of accessory parameters" for the Heun equation. You may look at the work of Zograf and Takhtajan on this.
EDIT. After having finished my answer I noticed the answer by Francesco Polizzi, and I have to apologize for implying that the case $n=3$ is "trivial". It depends on the point of view. The problem of accessory parameters is trivial (there are none). So we have a single group and a single function in this case. Still this important group and this function are not trivial and they are subject of research.