There is a lot of good stuff contained in the Problems section of the American Mathematical Monthly. One difficulty with extracting that information, however, is that if I see an old Monthly problem, it is not always so easy to locate the solution. Sometimes the solution does not appear until many years later, and in some cases the solution has never appeared at all. For those at an academic institution with access to JSTOR, sometimes an electronic search will turn up the solution, but if the search comes up empty, I am left wondering whether the solution was really never published or whether I just did something wrong with my search. Furthermore, even with JSTOR access, there is no easy way to list (for example) all unsolved Monthly problems.

Does anybody have, or know of, an index of all the Monthly problems and solutions that would address this issue? Failing that, is there any interest in creating such a publicly available resource? If the work is divvied up among a few dozen volunteers it shouldn't take that much work. As I envisage it, the index would (at least initially) not contain the mathematical content of the problems but would just give the bibliographic information for the problem and the solution (if any), and indicate which parts (if any) remain unsolved.


4 Answers 4


This is somewhat redundant with Igor Pak's P.S., but I found an index for the 1918-1950 range in The Otto Dunkel memorial problem book, starting on page 80 of this pdf.

I found more: Stanley Rabinowitz and others had the same idea a couple of decades ago, and they started compiling indices, not just for the Monthly. Here are Google Books and official links for the two volumes I found:

1975-1979 (published 1999) Website

1980-1984 (published 1992) Website, Errata

Googling "Stanley Rabinowitz 1985-1989" led me to this:

The labor involved in classifying and indexing the 5-year indexes has proved to be far greater than anticipated. We hope to have the 1975-1979 Index out later this year and the 1985-1989 Index is well under way. [Stanley Rabinowitz, June 1996]

I don't know if the 1985-1989 index was ever finished, but presumably there's at least a partial draft out there somewhere. The website http://www.mathpropress.com/ of Rabinowitz's company includes contact information. They say they're looking for authors to publish, among other things, "indexes to mathematical problems or results", but the page apparently hasn't been updated since 2006.

  • $\begingroup$ Thanks! I think this is very useful. Also explains where Alekseev et al. got their list. $\endgroup$
    – Igor Pak
    Jun 6, 2010 at 21:51
  • $\begingroup$ You're welcome. I find your answer very useful, too. $\endgroup$ Jun 6, 2010 at 22:23

Tim, you are right - this setting they have is a bit unfortunate for such a great treasure. However, in practice searching for the problem's name in GoogleScholar works fine (use advanced search to restrict your search to the journal, etc.), so I am not sure there is a great need to compile the master index. BTW, other journals have also many interesting problems, notably SIAM Review (I especially like Problem 66-11 which now has its own Wikipedia page).

About problems with/without solutions. There is quite a bit of neglect here. As I explain here, Dyson published his famous "partition rank conjecture" as a Monthly problem, and that problem motivated Fine to prove his famous identities. The problem was solved by Atkin and Swinnerton-Dyer about 10 years later, but you will never hear of this on the Monthly pages, I believe.

In another interesting example, Problem 4325 is a classical "inscribed square" problem (see here and here). Even though it has a "solution", it is important not to take it too seriously.

P.S. One bonus comment: there is a Russian book of Monthly problems, from 1918 to 1950, all with solutions copied and translated from English. If your problem is this old, you can look up the date of the solution in there (and then read it in English).

UPDATE Another example just occurred to me: in this nice paper the authors explain how Erdős posed Problem 3763 (on convexifying polygons), how Sz.-Nagy's solution was incorrect, and how a generation of researchers tried (and, occasionally, succeeded) fixing this solution. The point is that it's basically impossible to do this kind of followup on every Monthly problem.

  • $\begingroup$ Igor, you are right, but I was thinking of a more modest project, to compile a bibliographic index of problems and solutions that have appeared in the Monthly itself. As you point out, short of creating a wiki or something, one cannot expect to track all the literature stemming from a Monthly problem, but at least it would be possible to quickly check whether a solution was published in the Monthly itself, whether a few months or many years afterward. I still think that this would be useful since one could see at a glance which problems have no published solution within the Monthly itself. $\endgroup$ Jun 7, 2010 at 1:42
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    $\begingroup$ Actually, now that you mention it, if Monthly on their web site set up a wiki just for the problems, that would be a good idea. The readers can either type dates/pages of solutions (starting with the ones Jonas found), or add links to surveys, followup articles, etc. for more let's say "difficult" problems. This way when someone figures out what happened to some particular problem, there would be a space to record this. $\endgroup$
    – Igor Pak
    Jun 7, 2010 at 2:15
  • $\begingroup$ Searching the name of the problem is not so helpful, because it appears a name is not chosen until a solution is published. The problem itself is published with just a number, which isn't much use in finding when the solution appeared. $\endgroup$ Jun 2, 2011 at 14:56

The American Mathematical Monthly goes back a long way, to a radically different era in mathematical life, and has never quite caught up with the present in terms of making information readily available. Not being a research journal as such, it mostly falls outside the realm of review databases MathSciNet, Zentralblatt. I guess the assumption used to be that you would have a shelf full of back issues in your office for frequent perusal. Also that you were probably involved mainly in undergraduate teaching and relied on the Monthly for your doses of real mathematics and mental stimulus. There is some online publication now, but only for members.

Having written articles and problem solutions that appeared in the Monthly, I am aware of the searching problem. I've lost track of solutions I wrote, for instance, and can probably never expect to locate them. For older main articles, JSTOR does provide some help. But the problem section is more problematic to search over time. (I wonder whether anyone in the MAA leadership is listening to such concerns?) Its a large membership organization but not as useful in the modern era as AMS has tried to be.

[ADDED] The comments being made here are helpful. The Monthly editors running the problem column used to publish periodic listings of recent unsolved problems, by the way. And the annual indexes of the Monthly give a few clues. But more recent online search tools are much better for searching in subject areas and the like. For example: find all articles/problems/solutions about finite groups, Galois theory, infinite series, etc. I recall a number of short papers giving alternate proofs of Wedderburn's theorem on finite division rings, including Herstein's famous elementary (but long and rather opaque) proof. To find these listed together online requires plenty of time and some luck. A big plus of MathSciNet is the expanding capability of its search engines covering the entire history of Math Reviews. Not exhaustive, but it gives citations and other related references. (But that costs big money and mathematical expertise to build and maintain, thus is far from free to the public.)

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    $\begingroup$ I think you are referring to the infamous article by a Unabomber: T.J. Kaczynski, Another proof of Wedderburn's theorem, Amer. Math. Monthly. 71 (1964), 652-653. $\endgroup$
    – Igor Pak
    Jun 7, 2010 at 2:06
  • $\begingroup$ Probably I did notice that article at the time, though I don't recall the "Unabomber" label being attached yet. (By the way, one former colleague of mine got his Ph.D. at Michigan the same year 1967 as Kaczynski; naturally he has no recollection of the guy. They did work in quite different fields. I've actually known a few others in that same large UM Ph.D. class, but not TJK himself.) $\endgroup$ Jun 7, 2010 at 14:06
  • $\begingroup$ @JimHumphreys in "[problem number] [year-page]" format, your Monthly solutions are E1652 64-1043, E1656 64-1134, E1657 64-1134, 5168 65-93, 5169 65-93 (published solution), 5200 65-557, E1733 65-910, E1781 66-669 (with Ben Klein), 5572 69-203, 5573 69-203, 5769 72-94, 5778 72-310, 6176 79-314, 6169 81-447 (published solution), 6528 88-565, 10458 98-861. You are also listed in Referees and Guest Editors on 94-1021, and 10633 99-778 references your 1972 book on Lie algebras. (I can email you all this content if you'd like to view it.) $\endgroup$ Jun 5, 2018 at 14:13
  • $\begingroup$ @mathematrucker: Yes, please do send me the problem solutions, which I can no longer retrieve. Thanks for all your hard work! $\endgroup$ Jun 5, 2018 at 16:58
  • $\begingroup$ @JimHumphreys just sent them to your UMass address. $\endgroup$ Jun 5, 2018 at 19:00

In May 2017 I proposed an MAA pdf ebook series organized by subject. My proposal included a sample covering the years 2000-2016, a subsample of which can be found here.

The proposal was received well, but it ultimately got rejected because nobody at the MAA knows whether it has the authority to reprint such a collection without obtaining new permissions from all the thousands of published proposers and solvers. It probably does not help that Taylor & Francis now owns the journals too.

After receiving the rejection I sent each lead editor of the three problem columns a full version covering 2000-2016 (including the Putnam), organized by subject. One of them replied: "Thank you very much for this incredible work! This is very useful. Is this open to everybody out there?"

Sadly, no.

Earlier attempts include an ambitious database project spearheaded by Ivars Peterson during his tenure as Director of Publications (2009-2014). It eventually met with powerful resistance and died.

The MathPro Press collection (see Jonas's answer) was once available in a free searchable database. Snapshots of the 1999-2005 and 2005-2010 versions are here and here, respectively.

I am currently putting together a free pdf of Index to Mathematical Problems 1975-1979 for my ResearchGate page. Will put a link here when it's finished. Stanley Rabinowitz is interested in doing the same for the 1980-1984 index.

============================ added 2018 Aug 16 ============================


The 1975-1979 index is now freely available as a pdf on my ResearchGate page and on my website, here:



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