Can someone explain to me what balanced polygons are and how they are used in calculations?
Particularly in Gerver's Sofa, Here is the link for the research, page 16
Thanks in regard
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Gerver, Joseph L. "On moving a sofa around a corner." Geometriae Dedicata 42.3 (1992): 267-283.
As to "how they are used in calculations," I don't think there is a simple answer. Gerver defined an infinite sequence of balanced polygons that converge to what has now called Gerver's sofa (below). I don't think balanced polygons play a role outside of Gerver's particular proof.