# Approximation of quasi-periodic function by trigonometric polynomials

The elements of the closure of $\{ \sum_{j=1}^n a_j e^{i\nu_j x}: a_j\in \mathbb{C}, \nu_j\in \mathbb{R} \}$ in the supremum-norm are called almost periodic functions. An almost periodic function $f$ is called quasi-periodic iff the frequency module

$$\mathcal{M}(f)=\left\langle \left\{ \nu\in \mathbb{R}: \lim_{t\rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{t} \int_0^t f(x)e^{-i\nu x}dx\neq 0 \right\} \right\rangle_{\mathbb{Z}}$$

is finitely generated as $\mathbb{Z}$-module. By definition we can approximate $f$ in supremum-norm by functions of the form $\sum_{j=1}^n a_j e^{i\nu_j x}$. I'd like to know whether one can preserve the frequencies.

Question: Is it always possible to approximate $f$ in the supremum-norm by functions $\sum_{j=1}^n a_j e^{i\nu_j x}$ with $\nu_j\in \mathcal{M}(f)$?

• Did you forget dividing by $t$ or was that intentional? – lcv Jun 5 '17 at 11:05
• @lcv Thanks for pointing out my mistake. I fixed it. – Severin Schraven Jun 5 '17 at 11:54
• I would say $\displaystyle\mathcal{M}(f)= \left\{ \nu\in \mathbb{R}: \exists k \in \mathbb{N}, \lim_{t\rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{t} \int_0^t (f(x))^ke^{-i\nu x}dx\neq 0 \right\}$ which is a $\mathbb{Z}$-module, and I would look at the Fourier transform of $f$ in the sense of distributions – reuns Jun 11 '17 at 9:35
• @reuns I'm sorry, I don't see, how I can use the Fourier transform to get an approximation in the supremum-norm. Could you tell me, how you would proceed? – Severin Schraven Jun 11 '17 at 9:56