Your condition is equivalent to the convergence in $\ell^1$ of $b_n=(b_{nj})_{j\ge 1}$.

First of all, we indeed must insist that $b_n=(b_{nj})_{j\ge 1}\in\ell^1$ for each fixed $n$, or otherwise we couldn't even define $\sum b_{nj}s_j$ for general bounded $s$.

Recall that $(\ell^1)^*=\ell^{\infty}$, and observe that if $(b_n,s)\to L(s)$ for all $s\in\ell^{\infty}$, then $\|b_n\|_1$ must be bounded by the uniform boundedness principle. (Or a direct argument, by hand, could be given, and you could check an earlier version of this answer for this if interested.)

This implies that the pointwise limit $b_j=\lim b_{nj}$ defines an $\ell^1$ sequence.
We want to show that $\|b_n-b\|_1\to 0$. Originally, I thought this would just follow from the well known fact that weakly convergent sequences in $\ell^1$ are norm convergent. However, it's not so clear at this point that $b_n\to b$ weakly.

Instead, we make use of the argument from the usual proof of the fact just quoted. It suffices to show that $b_n$ is uniformly summable in the sense that for every $\epsilon>0$, there exists $J\ge 1$ so that $\sum_{j\ge J}|b_{nj}|<\epsilon$ for all $n$. Suppose this were not the case, so there is an $\epsilon>0$ such that given any $J\ge 1$, we can find an $n_J$ so that $\sum_{j\ge J}|b_{n_Jj}|\ge 3\epsilon$. In fact, we can then also find *arbitrarily large* $n_J$'s with this property.

Let's use this now to pick an $n_1$ and an interval $I_1$ such that: (1) $\sum_{j\in I_1}|b_{n_1j}|\ge 2\epsilon$; (2)$\sum_{j\in I_1}|b_j|<2^{-1}\epsilon/10$; (3) $\sum_{j>\max I_1}|b_{n_1j}|<\epsilon$.

Now we take $s_j$'s of absolute value $1$ on $I_1$ such that $b_{n_1j}s_j=|b_{n_1j}|$. Note that this ensures that $\sum_{j\ge 1} b_{n_1j}s_j$ will be close to a positive number of size $\ge\epsilon$, and this is true for any choice of $s_j$'s of absolute value $1$ for larger $j$'s at later stages.

Now we just continue in this style: we pick an index $n_2>n_1$ and an interval $I_2$. Note that if $n_2$ is sufficiently large, then what we did on $I_1$ will not have much of an effect on $\sum b_{n_2j}s_j$ because for $j\in I_1$, we will
have $b_{n_2j}$ very close to $b_j$, and then property (2) from above strikes. We now arrange matters so that $\sum b_{n_2j}s_j$ is close to a *negative* number $\ge\epsilon$ in absolute value.

Of course this oscillating pattern is incompatible with convergence, so it follows that $b_n$ is uniformly summable, and thus $b_n\to b$ in $\ell^1$, as claimed.