If $\Sigma$ is a closed Riemann surface, a complex projective structure $Z$ on $\Sigma$ is an atlas of charts, refining the holomorphic atlas, with values in $\mathbb{CP}^{1}$ such that the transition functions are locally projective transformations in ${PSL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ acting by Mobius transformations.

Associated to such a structure is a short exact sequence of sheaves \begin{align} 0\rightarrow \mathcal{P}_{Z}\rightarrow \Theta_{\Sigma}\rightarrow K_{\Sigma}^{2}\rightarrow 0 \end{align} where $\mathcal{P}_{Z}$ is the sheaf of projective vector fields (i.e. those vector fields which in a local chart for the projective structure are identified with an infinitesimal Mobius transformation), $\Theta_{\Sigma}$ is the holomorphic tangent sheaf of $\Sigma,$ and $K_{\Sigma}^{2}$ is the tensor square of the canonical sheaf. The first map is given by inclusion. In a projective coordinate, the second map takes a local holomorphic vector field $v(z)\frac{\partial}{\partial z}$ to $v'''(z) dz^{2}.$ Since projective vector fields, expressed in a projective coordinate, are exactly the quadratic vector fields, the above sequence is left exact and it's not too hard to see that the latter map is surjective.

Of course, we know there is some exact sequence of the kind above without ever identifying what the quotient sheaf and quotient map are explicitly: the key here is that we can explicitly identify the quotient sheaf associated to the injection $0\rightarrow \mathcal{P}_{Z}\rightarrow \Theta_{\Sigma}$ with the square of the canonical bundle, a fact which underlies much of the structure of the space of complex projective structures on $\Sigma.$ For those that are somewhat familiar with this story, one can concisely assert that the above described map is the infinitesimal Schwarzian derivative, which explains the title of the question.

I am curious is there is a uniform way to extend this picture to holomorphic $(G,X)$-structures on a given compact complex manifold $M.$ To recall, let $G$ be a complex Lie group acting transitively on a complex manifold $X.$ If $M$ is a complex manifold, a holomorphic $(G,X)$-structure on $M$ is an atlas of charts, refining the holomorphic atlas, with values in $X$ and whose transition functions are locally in $G.$ Now, let $W$ be a holomorphic $(G,X)$-manifold with underlying complex manifold $M.$ If $\mathcal{G}_{W}$ denotes the sheaf of $G$-vector fields, that is, the sheaf whose sections are vector fields which in a local $(G,X)$-chart are identified with the infinitesimal $G$-action on $X,$ then there is a short exact sequence \begin{align} 0\rightarrow \mathcal{G}_{W}\rightarrow \Theta_{M}\rightarrow Q\rightarrow 0 \end{align} where $Q$ is the corresponding quotient sheaf.

$\textbf{My question is the following}:$ As with the case of projective structures on a Riemann surface, can one explicitly identify the quotient sheaf and the quotient map? For instance, is it a locally free sheaf?

The kind of thing I have in mind is the following: I want there to be a differential operator acting on the Pseudo-group of locally defined biholomorphisms of $X$ whose Kernel is precisely $G,$ maybe there is some issue with $G$ not acting effectively but let's ignore that for the moment. The linearization of this operator should be an operator on holomorphic vector fields on $X$ whose kernel consists of the vector fields given by the infinitesimal $G$-action. Since the transition functions of the $(G,X)$-structure are given by elements of $G,$ this data should port over to the $(G,X)$-manifold $W$ and produce a sheaf map from $\Theta_{W}$ to some other sheaf which seems like it should be some kind of jet bundle. If one is familiar with Schwarzian derivative, this is exactly what is happening in the example of complex projective structures. I've found some things in the literature that are in this spirit, but they mostly seem quite ad-hoc, and I am really trying to understand if there is some uniform way to understand this question using the geometry of $X$ as a $G$-homogeneous space.

I could go on more, but this post is already long, so please let me know if more information would be useful. As always, thank you for any help you can provide.