Let $S$ be a smooth complex projective surface and $D\subset S$ be a smooth complex curve. Fix an integer $m>1$ and consider $(S,D,m)$ as an orbifold with orbi-locus $D$ with stabilizer $\mathbb Z_m$ along $D$. Suppose now we have a Kähler orbifold metric $\omega$ on $(S,D,m)$ (with metric singularity along $D$). I would like to find a short proof or a reference for the following statement:

Statement. For arbitrary small $\varepsilon$-neighborhood $U_{\varepsilon}$ of $D$ in $S$ there is a smooth Kähler metric $\omega_{\varepsilon}$ on $S$ such that $\omega_{\varepsilon}$ coincides with $\omega$ in $S\setminus U_{\varepsilon}$.

PS. I will be happy, if the statement is proven in the following situation: $S$ is a ruled surface and $D$ is embedded in $S$ as a holomorphic section (i.e. it intersects all $\mathbb CP^1$-fibers in one point). Moreover if necessary one may assume that the Kähler orbi-metric is invariant under a holomorphic $S^1$-action on $S$ fixing $D$ pointwise.

PPS. I also removed the condition on $\omega_{\varepsilon}$ to be in the same cohomology class as $\omega$ (since it turned out to be irrelevant for me).

  • $\begingroup$ Did you try a very nice bump function and averaging? What is your definition of "orbi-singularity"? $\endgroup$ Apr 14, 2017 at 7:11
  • $\begingroup$ I did not try. Orbifold metric is a metric that can be obtained locally as a quotient by isometry. In the particular case that I consider it has the following local model: Take the ball $B_1$ in $\mathbb C^2$ i.e. $|z^2|+|w^2|\le 1$ take a Kahler metric on it, invariant under the linear $\mathbb Z_m$ action on $B_1$, fixing $z=0$. Take quotient. $\endgroup$
    – aglearner
    Apr 14, 2017 at 7:51
  • $\begingroup$ I know the (usual) definition of orbi-fold metric, but what is an "orbi-singularity." I don't know this word. To me, for example, the plane/$\mathbb{\mu}_n$ is smooth. Is that an orbi-singularity though? $\endgroup$ Apr 14, 2017 at 8:07
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    $\begingroup$ I think I can see how to do this, for metrics in rational cohomology classes, but I'm skeptical that the two metrics would have the same K\"{a}hler class. $\endgroup$
    – Craig
    Apr 17, 2017 at 20:40
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    $\begingroup$ Theorem 6.2 of arxiv.org/pdf/math/0412405.pdf , I read it long times ago , see also arxiv.org/pdf/math/0411522.pdf $\endgroup$
    – user21574
    Apr 25, 2017 at 18:13

1 Answer 1


Let $S=S^{sing}\cup S^{reg}$ take an orbifold resolution $\pi : \tilde S \to S$ with simple normal crossing exceptional divisor $E = \pi^{−1}(S^{sing})$ such that $\pi$ is an isomorphism over $S^{reg}$. then take $\omega_\epsilon=\pi^*\omega_0-\epsilon\theta_E$ as K\"ahler metric on $\tilde S $ in adiabatic classes(see Lemma 4.2.3 that why such metric $\omega_\epsilon$ is as Kahler metric in fibration case or Lemma1 for resolution case . Here $\omega_0$ is a positive closed $(1,1)$-current on $S$ and $\theta_E$ is a positive closed $(1,1)$-current on $E$)

Consider a smooth geometric orbifold given by $\mathbb Q$-divisor $$D=\sum_{j\in J}(1-\frac{1}{m_j})D_j$$ where $m_j\geq 2$ are positive integers and $\text{Supp}D=\cap_{j\in J}D_j$ is of normal crossings divisor. Let $\omega$ be any K\"ahler metric on $S$, let $C >0$ be a real number and $s_j\in H^0\left(S,\mathcal O_X(D_j)\right)$ be a section defining $D_j$. Consider the following expression

$$\omega_D=C\omega+\sqrt[]{-1}\sum_{j\in J}\partial\bar\partial |s_j|^{2/m_j}$$

If $C$ is large enough, the above formula defines a closed positive $(1,1)$ -current (smooth away from $D$). Moreover

$$\omega_D\geq \omega$$ in the sense of currents. Consider $\mathbb C^n$ with the orbifold divisor given by the equation

$$\prod_{j=1}^nz_j^{1-{1}/{m_j}}=0$$ (with eventually $m_j=1$ for some $j$). The sections $s_j$ are simply the coordinates $z_j$ and a simple computation gives

$$\omega_D=\omega_{eucl}+\sqrt[]{-1}\sum_{j=1}^n\partial\bar\partial |z_j|^{2/m_j}=\omega_{eucl}+\sqrt[]{-1}\sum_{j=1}^n\frac{dz_j\wedge d\bar {z_j}}{m_j^2|z_j|^{2(1-1/m_j)}}$$

See paper of Frédéric Campana; Mihai Păun Orbifold generic semi-positivity: an application to families of canonically polarized manifolds (Semi-positivité orbifolde : une application aux familles de variétés canoniquement polarisées) Vol. 65 no. 2 (2015), p. 835-861 Details


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    $\begingroup$ Hassan, $S$ is a smooth complex surface, it has no singularities. Could you please change your answer accordingly? In the line three of your text you write without justification, that $\omega_{\epsilon}$ is Kaher. This does not make sense to me $\endgroup$
    – aglearner
    Apr 26, 2017 at 0:20
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    $\begingroup$ Also you don't say what is $\omega_0$, you don't say what is $\theta_E$, etc... $\endgroup$
    – aglearner
    Apr 26, 2017 at 0:22
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    $\begingroup$ $\omega_\epsilon$ is Kahler metric in adiabatic classes, I added a reference. It is known fact due to Tian-Yau $\endgroup$
    – user21574
    Apr 26, 2017 at 0:34
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    $\begingroup$ You may see Lemma1 of arxiv.org/pdf/1209.2198.pdf $\endgroup$
    – user21574
    Apr 26, 2017 at 1:50
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    $\begingroup$ I deleted my previous comment (since it was a bit aggressive) but I still think that in this answer you don't really address my question but write something (that I can not really understand) on an adjacent topic. $\endgroup$
    – aglearner
    May 15, 2017 at 20:27

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