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Let $f$ and $g$ be analytic functions in the unit disk $D$, continuous in the closed disk and locally univalent, $f'(z)\neq 0,\; g'(z)\neq 0,\; z\in D$. Assume that each has only finitely many singularities on $\partial D$, so that the images of $\partial D$ are piecewise analytic.

Suppose that there exists a homeomorphism $\phi:\partial D\to\partial D$ such that $f(z)=g\circ\phi(z),\; z\in \partial D$. (This means that the images of the boundary under both functions are reparametrizations of the curve). Can we conclude from this that $\phi$ extends to a conformal automorphism of $D$?

Same question about meromorphic locally univalent functions.

Motivation: this is so, if $f$ and $g$ are globally univalent (injective). Indeed then they map the unit disk on plane regions with the same boundaries, so the images coincide.

EDIT. This is related to my other question:

Greatest lower bound for subordination

and using Milnor's counterexample mentioned in Misha's answer, one can construct a counterexample to the other question.

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    $\begingroup$ This is a form of the following topological question: Does the boundary value uniquely determine an immersion of the closed disk into the plane, up to precomposition with a diffeomorphism of the disk. The answer is negative but I forgot who found an example (sometime in 1960s). I will find a reference when I have a bit of time. $\endgroup$ – Misha Dec 16 '16 at 16:27
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    $\begingroup$ I found it: The first example is due to John Milnor, see Poenaru's paper "Extension des immersions en codimension 1." Séminaire Bourbaki, 10 (1966-1968), Exp. No. 342. $\endgroup$ – Misha Dec 16 '16 at 17:23
  • $\begingroup$ @Misha, thanks! I actually have this paper in my files, and there is no doubt that I read it many years ago. Would you post your comments as an answer so that I could give you credit? $\endgroup$ – Alexandre Eremenko Dec 16 '16 at 18:30
  • $\begingroup$ I added some tags (gt and cv). Questions should include tags of reasonably wide audience. $\endgroup$ – YCor Jan 30 '17 at 21:55
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This is a form of the following topological question: Does the boundary value uniquely determine an immersion of the closed disk into the plane, up to precomposition with a diffeomorphism of the disk. The answer is negative and is due to John Milnor, see Poenaru's paper "Extension des immersions en codimension 1." Séminaire Bourbaki, 10 (1966-1968), Exp. No. 342.

Incidentally, the best results about classification of extensions of immersions $S^1\to R^2$ to immersions $D^2\to R^2$ are (still) due to S.Blank, his 1967 PhD thesis. These results are discussed in detail in Poenaru's paper.

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