Yes, for every integer $k$ with $0\leq k \leq 3d-2$, the following evaluation morphism is surjective and the generic fiber is geometrically irreducible, $$\text{ev}_{1,2,\dots,k}:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,k}(\mathbb{P}^2,d)\to (\mathbb{P}^2)^k.$$
One proof uses the version of Bertini's connectedness theorem as formulated by Cristian Minoccheri in Proposition 3.1 of "On the Arithmetic of Weighted Complete Intersections of Low Degree".

**Bertini's Connectedness Theorem** [Cristian Minoccheri] Let $h:M\to X$ be a projective morphism of $k$-schemes with $X$ a smooth variety that is algebraically simply connected, and with $M$ a normal, quasi-projective variety. If the closed subscheme of $M$ where $h$ is not smooth has codimension at least $2$, then $h$ is surjective and the generic fiber is geometrically irreducible.

In this theorem, it suffices for $M$ to be normal and "pure" in the sense of SGA2. In particular, this is true for the coarse moduli space of a smooth Deligne-Mumford stack, as with $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,k}(\mathbb{P}^2,d)$. Also, we may as well assume that $k$ equals $3d-2$, since the case of $k\leq 3d-2$ follows from the case of $k=3d-2$.

It is convenient to begin with a result about the branching behavor of the evaluation morphism when $k$ equals $3d-1$. In this case, the evaluation morphism is surjective and generically etale. By the Purity Theorem from SGA2, the non-smooth locus of the evaluation morphism in $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,3d-1}(\mathbb{P}^2,d)$ is a Cartier divisor. We know the divisor class group of this moduli space. In particular, the restriction map to the boundary locus $\Delta_{(3,\{1,\dots,8\})(d-3,\{9,\dots,3d-1\}}$ is injective. Thus, by analyzing the case that $d=3$ and $3d-1=8$, the non-smooth locus has multiplicity $1$ (i.e., simple branching) and every generic point parameterizes a stable map with one cusp.

By Minoccheri's version of Bertini's theorem, to prove that the generic fiber of $\text{ev}_{1,2,\dots,k}$ is geometrically irreducible, it suffices to prove that over codimension one points of $(\mathbb{P}^2)^k$, the fiber is generically nonreduced. Because $k<3d-1$, every fiber of the evaluation morphism has dimension $\geq 1$. Because $k$ equals $3d-2$, which is $\geq 2$, by the famous Bend-and-Break theorem, every irreducible component of every fiber of the evaluation morphism has nonempty intersection with the boundary divisor $\Delta$ of $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,k}(\mathbb{P}^2_k,d)$. Thus, it suffices to prove that over codimension $1$ points of $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3d-2}$, the intersection of the fiber with the boundary $\Delta$ is generically nonreduced.

The boundary divisors are indexed by partitions $d=d'+d''$ and a corresponding partitions of $P'\sqcup P'' = \{1,\dots,3d-2\}$. In order for that boundary divisor to dominate a divisor in $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3d-2}$, the sizes of the partition sets must be either $(3d',3d''-2)$, $(3d'-1,3d''-1)$, or $(3d'-2,3d'')$. The first and last are symmetric: one component has degree $e$ and contains $3e$ of the marked points. For degree $e$, genus $0$ stable maps, for $k=3e$, the evaluation morphism $ev_{3e}$ is generically an embedding to a Cartier divisor $D$ in $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3e}$. For a point of $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3d-2}$, it is already a codimension one condition for the image point in $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3e}$ to be contained in $D$. Thus, the remaining $3d-3e-2$ points are unconstrained. So the fiber is a product of the reduced fiber of $\text{ev}_{3e}$ (just one reduced point) and the reduced fiber of $ev_{1,\dots,3(d-e)-2}$ for the component of degree $d-e$.

The main case to consider is when the two partition sets have sizes $3d'-1$ and $3d''-1$. In this case, in order for a stable map in the boundary to lie over a codimension one point of $(\mathbb{P}^2)^{3d-2}$ and also to be a nonsmooth point of $\text{ev}_{1,\dots,3d-2}$, the restriction of the stable map to precisely one of the two components of the domain, say the component with degree $d'$, must be a ramification point for the evaluation morphism $\text{ev}_{1,\dots,3d'-1}$. But we know what are these ramification points. In particular, so long as the other irreducible component is generic, then the union is a smooth point of $\text{ev}_{1,\dots,3d-2}$.

This is the same deformation theory analysis as in my paper with Graber and Harris about section of rationally connected fibrations. So long as the stable map is unramified at the node where the two components of the domain intersect, then the normal sheaf of the stable map restricted to each component equals the normal sheaf of that component "twisted up" by the degree $1$ invertible sheaf of the node as a reduced Cartier divisor on that component. Since the normal sheaf of the component was just shy of being $(3d'-1)$-globally generated (by the analysis of ramification points), twisting up by a degree $1$ invertible sheaf is enough to kill the $H^1$.