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Let $A$ be a k-algebra,where k is a fixed field. We denote by $\mathfrak{D}^b(A-mod)$ the bounded derived A-module category. A complex $Z^{\bullet}=(Z^i,d^i) \in \mathfrak{D}^b(A-mod)$ such that all $Z^i$ are finitely generated projective is quasi-isomorphic to the following complex $$ \cdots \rightarrow 0 \rightarrow Coker(d^{-n-1}) \rightarrow Z^{-n+1} \rightarrow \cdots \rightarrow Z^{-2} \rightarrow Z^{-1} \rightarrow Ker(d^0) \rightarrow 0 \rightarrow \cdots $$ So we can see $H^i(Z^{\bullet})=0$ for $i <-n$ or $i >0 $.

Then how can I get that $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ is finitely presented module? And how to get the projective dimension of $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ is finite?

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Well, how do we conclude that our complex $Z^\bullet$ is quasi-isomorfic to the complex

$$ \cdots \longrightarrow 0 \longrightarrow Coker(d^{-n-1}) \longrightarrow Z^{-n+1} \longrightarrow \cdots \longrightarrow Z^{m-1} \longrightarrow Ker(d^m) \longrightarrow 0 \longrightarrow \cdots \ ? $$

We use the two truncations, which are quasi-isomorphisms, due to the vanishing of cohomology with sufficiently small and sufficiently large numbers: $Z^\bullet \longleftarrow \tau_{\le m}Z^\bullet \longrightarrow \tau_{\ge -n}\tau_{\le m}Z^\bullet$.

We can use the stupid truncation $\sigma_{\le -n}$ instead to get the complex

$$ \cdots \longrightarrow Z^{-n-2} \longrightarrow Z^{-n-1} \longrightarrow Z^{-n} \longrightarrow 0 . $$

Its only cohomology lies in degree $-n$ and equals to $Coker(d^{-n-1})$, so we obtained a finite resolution of $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ by finitely generated projective modules:

$$ \cdots \longrightarrow Z^{-n-2} \longrightarrow Z^{-n-1} \longrightarrow Z^{-n} \longrightarrow Coker(d^{-n-1}) \longrightarrow 0 . $$

Therefore $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ is of finite projective dimension. $Z^{-n}$ and $Z^{-n-1}$ are finitely generated projective modules, so there are such (finitely generated projective) modules $P_0$ and $P_1$ and finitely generated free modules $F_0$ and $F_1$, that $Z^{-n} \oplus P_0 = F_0$ and $Z^{-n-1} \oplus P_0 \oplus P_1 = F_1$. So we have a resolution of $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ of the form

$$ \cdots \longrightarrow Z^{-n-2} \oplus P_1 \longrightarrow F_1 \longrightarrow F_0 \longrightarrow Coker(d^{-n-1}) \longrightarrow 0 . $$

So $Coker(d^{-n-1})$ is finitely presented.

In fact, this looks like a standard exercise from a book on homological algebra, and it is usually more useful to do such an exercise by yourself than to post a question on MO.

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