So I've been working with moduli stacks in algebraic geometry for a while now, with no formal training in the technicalities of the theory of algebraic stacks (ie, I've read a few articles and I learn what I need, without having spent much time doing exercises or working through examples/counterexamples).

One of the difficulties I've experienced is that while discussing morphisms of algebraic stacks, some authors only require certain morphisms to be representable by algebraic *spaces*, while others require them to be representable (by schemes).

Of course I've always found the latter to be more comprehensible (since it saved me from having to learn too much about alg. spaces on the way to working with alg. stacks). On the other hand, all the really comprehensive references on the subject usually fall into the former category.

For example, the stacks project's definition of an algebraic stack only requires the diagonal to be representable by alg spaces, while Gomez's article https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9911199v1.pdf requires that it be representable (by schemes).

So far, whenever I read "representable by alg spaces", I sort of "pretend" that it says "representable by schemes" and proceed with that assumption.

My questions are:

What is the difference between requiring the diagonal of an algebraic stack to be representable by spaces vs representable by schemes? When are the two notions equivalent? What pitfalls are there to avoid?

In general, what are some good illustrative examples of morphisms of alg stacks which are only representable by spaces, but not by schemes? When are the two notions equivalent? What pitfalls are there to avoid?