# Converse of Principal Ideal Theorem

$(A, \mathfrak{m})$ a Noetherian local ring, $a\in\mathfrak{m}$ a zero divisor. Then is it true that $\mbox{dim}\ A/(a) = \mbox{dim}\ A$ ?

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Necessary and sufficient conditions for your question to have a positive answer are that $A$ be $\textit{unmixed}$, that is, every associated prime is a minimal prime, and $\textit{equidimensional}$, that is, $\mathrm{dim} (A/\mathfrak{p}) = \mathrm{dim}(A)$ for every minimal prime $\mathfrak p$. Charles Staats' example is not equidimensional. The one-dimensional ring $A=k[x,y]/(x^2,xy)$ is not unmixed, and $A/(y)$ has dimension zero. Sufficiency follows from the fact that the set of zerodivisors of $A$ is equal to the union of the associated primes.