This is a simple question I asked in math.SE last month but unfortunately no one gives any comment. So I decided to try some luck here.
**You can skip examples below and read from "General setting" at the bottom**.

Given a smooth arc (part of an ellipse actually) on the complex plane by

$z=\cos t + 0.5 i \sin t,\; t\in[\pi/10,\pi/5] $ ,

and a non-analytic function
$f(z) = \text{Re } z $ defined on the arc.
Obviously, $f(z) = g(t) := \cos t.$

Suppose we compute the "derivatives" of $f$ on the arc recursively by

$f'(z) = g'(t)/z'(t),\quad$
$f''(z) = \dfrac{df'(z)}{dt}\dfrac{1}{z'(t)},\quad$
$f'''(z) = \dfrac{df''(z)}{dt}\dfrac{1}{z'(t)},\quad \dots$

Is there an estimate on the upper bound of magnitude of $n^\text{th}$ order derivative of $f$ ? For example, can we show something like

$|f^{(n)}(z)|\leq C n! r^n $, where $C$ and $r$ are positive constants independent of $n$ ?

Note that in the case above the form of $f$ is really simple. If $f$ is more complicated, for example, $f\circ z(t) := \frac{|z'(t)|}{z'(t)}$, what can we say about $|f^{(n)}(z)|$ ?

**Update:** According To Fedor's answer, function $f$ in first example actually coincides with an analytic function on the arc. I need to modify the curve so that it is not easy to find an analytic function that coincides with $f$ on the curve.

**New curve:**
Suppose the smooth arc is given by

$z(t) = [1+0.5\cos(4t)]\cos t + i [1+0.5\sin(4t)]\sin t,\quad t\in[\frac{\pi}{8},\frac{3\pi}{8}],$

and the function $f$ defined on the arc is given by

$f\circ z(t) := \frac{|z'(t)|}{z'(t)}$.

With derivatives for $f$ defined recursively as before, can we derive an upper bound for $\lvert f^{(n)}(z) \rvert$ as above ?

**General setting:**

Given a smooth Jordan arc parametrized by $z(t)$
on complex plane with $z'(t)\neq 0,\; t\in [0,1]$,
and a smooth function $f$ defined on the arc in the sense that $f\circ z(t) \in C^\infty$.
Define derivatives of $f$ recursively as above, namely, let $g(t):=f\circ z(t)$,

$f'(z):= g'(t)/z'(t), \quad f''(z):= \dfrac{df'(z(t))}{dt}\dfrac{1}{z'(t)},\quad f'''(z) = \dfrac{df''(z(t))}{dt}\dfrac{1}{z'(t)},\quad \dots$

and we ask if there is an estimate

$||f^{(n)}(z)||_\infty \leq C n! r^n $, where $C$ and $r$ are positive constants independent of $n$ ?

In addition, suppose there exists an analytic function $F$ that equals $f$ on the arc as in Fedor's answer. Can we derive the upper bound on $||f^{(n)}(z)||_\infty$ only using recursive definition for $f^{(n)}(z)$ above instead of resorting to Cauchy's formula ? Why we want to do this is because if we use Cauchy's formula, then the constant $C$ in the estimate will depend on function values of $F$ outside the arc $\gamma$, which are unknown unless an explicit expression for $F$ is derived and also $r$ must depend on the region of analyticity of $F$, which is again not so traceable. It is to be hoped that the inequality can be proved in a manner such that the dependence of $C,r$ on $f,\gamma$ can be shown.