**Warning:** This answer went through a massive editing.

This answer does not regard the specific questions asked, but the motivation behind: finding a framework where the choices in the classical construction of a root system of a semi-simple Lie algebra are not needed.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra and $G=\text{Aut}(\mathfrak{g})^0$.
Let $C^+$ be the set of pairs (Cartan,Borel) where the Cartan subalgebra is contained in the Borel subalgebra ($C^+$ is a subset of a product of two Grassmannians of $\mathfrak{g}$). Note that $G$ acts transitively on $C^+$, stabilizers being centralizers of maximal tori.

It is not hard to see that the centralizer of the $G$-action on $C^+$ is isomorphic to the Weyl group (it acts trivially on the Cartan coordinate and transitively on all Borels including a given Cartan). Let's call it "the choice free Weyl group" $W$.

There is a natural vector bundle $H$ over $C^+$, the fiber over (Cartan,Borel) being the vector space underlying the Cartan. Note that (since the stabilizer of a point acts trivially on its fiber) the vector space of all $G$-invariant sections is isomorphic to each fiber. Let's call it "the choice free Cartan" $\mathfrak{h}$. We get a natural action of $W$ on $\mathfrak{h}$.

Note that the dual space, $\mathfrak{h}^*$, could be identified with the space of invariant sections to the dual vector bundle. We can single out those invariant sections which are in the root system at each fiber and obtain "the choice free root system" $\Phi$. Note that the second coordinate in $C^+$ is a Borel. This gives a choice of positivity at each fibers, thus we can also single out "the choice free positive roots" $\Phi^+$.

For each parabolic type we can consider the space of parabolic subalgebras of this given type $P$. Note that between two such, $P,P'$, either there exists a unique $G$-equivariant map or none. If there exists such we will say $P\leq P'$.
We may regard a $G$-equivariant maps $C^+\to P$ as a simplex whose faces are the simplices $C^+\to P'$ for each $P'$ such that $P\leq P'$.
We will get a simplicial complex on which $W$ acts, "the choice free Coxeter complex".

The following is unrelated, just a comment regarding the question's title.
The name "Weyl Groupoid" should be reserved to the following category.

- Objects: Cartan subalgebras.
- Morphisms: A morphism between two Cartan algebras is a Lie-algebra isomorphism which could be extended to a global automorphism in $G$.

This is a connected groupoid and the isotropy group of every object is isomorphic to the Weyl group.

**Remark:** I was tacitly assuming above that everything is over an algebraically closed field, or split. One can easily adjust the definitions to handle the general case.