I have read in several places that the total Pontryagin classes of real vector bundles satisfy a Whitney sum formula $p(E\oplus F) = p(E)\cdot p(F)$ modulo 2-torsion. I would like to understand the 2-torsion part better.

Is there a reference which describes the difference between $p(E\oplus F)$ and $p(E)\cdot p(F)$, perhaps in terms of Bocksteins of Stiefel-Whitney classes of $E$ and $F$?

This question was previously part of Whitney sum formula for Pontryagin classes I; Qiaochu Yuan's answer to that question might be helpful.