(Split off from Does every CAT(0) space embed in a measurable integral of $\mathbb{R}$-trees? )

Fix an integer $k \ge 2$, and let $MC0_k \subset \mathbb{R}^{\binom{k}{2}}$ be the set of possible squared-distances between $k$ points (not necessarily distinct) in any CAT(0) space. This is clearly closed under scaling, and the fact that a product of CAT(0) spaces is a CAT(0) space implies that $MC0_k$ is a convex set. What are its extreme rays?

(Recall that an *extreme* *point* in a convex set $C$ is a point that is not in the interior of any line segment in $C$. In the context of convex cones, as here, an *extreme ray* consists of points that aren't in the interior of a line segment that is not contained in a ray through the origin.)

One guess is that the extreme rays in $MC0_k$ are trees with $k$ marked points, where there is at least one marked point at each vertex of valence $>3$. For $k=4$, this includes embeddings in $\mathbb{R}$ as well as tripods, with the central vertex marked.

Note that this is related to the (known-difficult) question of characterizing which lengths can appear as distances in a CAT(0) space, i.e., characterizing $MC0_k$ in the notation above.