First, note that a minimal totally separated space is the same thing as a Stone space. Clearly Stone spaces are minimal totally separated (any coarser topology cannot even be Hausdorff); conversely suppose $X$ is totally separated and not Stone. We may assume the topology on $X$ is generated by its clopen sets (otherwise they generate a coarser totally separated topology). Then $X$ is canonically a dense subspace of the Stone space $S(B)$ of its clopen algebra $B$. If $X$ is not all of $S(B)$, let $u\in S(B)\setminus X$ and $x\in X$. Let $T$ be the quotient of $S(B)$ obtained by identifying $x$ and $u$; the composition $X\to S(B)\to T$ is then injective and induces another totally separated topology on $X$. This new topology is strictly coarser than the original topology: there is some net $(x_i)$ in $X$ that converges to $u$ in $S(B)$, and this net (which had no limit in $X$ in the old topology) converges to $x$ in the new topology.

Thus a minimal totally separating topology contained in a given topology on $X$ is equivalent to a continuous bijection $X\to S$ from $X$ to a Stone space $S$. If $A$ is the clopen algebra of $S$, then $A$ is naturally a subalgebra of the clopen algebra $B$ of $X$, and the map $X\to S$ is determined by the inclusion $A\to B$.

minimaltotally separated topologyiszero-dimensional (it's generated by its clopen sets), so "minimal totally separated" is the same as "minimal zero-dimensional Hausdorff". Right? $\endgroup$ – bof Apr 19 '15 at 0:505more comments