**EDIT.** As requested, I am extending the answer, including the relevant definitions. To do so, I have also re-arranged the answer somewhat. I am also now including the notions of surjective span and semi-span, which are directly relevant. As before, all continua in the following are assumed metrisable.

**Summary.** Your question is directly related to some long-standing notions and questions in continuum theory, due to Lelek. Your condition of being a "universal image" is precisely the same as having "surjective semispan zero". This condition in turn is satisfied by any continuum having span zero. These notions were introduced by Lelek to study arc-like (=snake-like) continua. For a long time, it was conjectured that every span zero continuum is arc-like, but this was disproved by Hoehn in 2011 (*A non-chainable continuum of span zero*, Fund. Math. 211 (2011), DOI:10.4064/fm211-2-3). So this work gives a counterexample to your question also.

**Span and semispan.** A continuum $X$ has *span zero*, abbreviated as $\sigma(X)=0$, if every continuum $C\subset X^2$ with

- $\pi_1(C)=\pi_2(C)$

must intersect the diagonal; i.e. there is $x\in X$ with $(x,x)\in C$.

If we replace 1. by one of the following:

- $\pi_1(C)\supseteq \pi_2(C)$;
- $X=\pi_1(C)=\pi_2(C)$;
- $X=\pi_1(C)$;

then we say that $X$ has

- semispan zero ("$\sigma_0(X)=0$");
- surjective span zero ("$\sigma^*(X)=0$");
- surjective semispan zero ("$\sigma_0^*(X)=0$").

*Remark.* Let $X$ be a metric continuum, or even more generally a connected metric space. Then the "span" $\sigma(X)\in [0,\infty]$ is defined as the supremum over $\inf_{(a,b)\in C} d(a,b)$ for continua $C$ as above; similarly for $\sigma_0$ etc. However, we only require the definition of zero span; note that the latter is a purely topological notion.

All of these conditions are due to Lelek (see the references of the papers cited below). The rough idea of the definition is that, in a span zero continuum, two points cannot exchange position without meeting somewhere.

The following implications are known:
$$ X\text{ arclike}\quad \Rightarrow \quad \sigma_0(X)=0 \quad
\Leftrightarrow \quad \sigma(X)=0 \quad \Rightarrow \quad \sigma_0^*(X)=0 \quad\Rightarrow\quad \sigma^*(X)=0.$$
Here the first implication is due to Lelek. The equivalence of zero span and semispan is due to Davis (*The equivalence of zero span and zero semispan*, Proc. AMS 90 (1984), DOI:10.1090/S0002-9939-1984-0722431-3). Given the latter result, the other implications are obvious.

**Equivalent formulations.** Observe that these conditions can be reformulated using a pair of continuous functions on a continuum, in the spirit of your question as follows. I believe this observation was also already made by Lelek. The relevant one for us is as follows.

*Observation.* A continuum $X$ has surjective semispan zero if and only if, for any continuum $Y$ and any continuous functions $v,f\colon Y\to X$ with $v(Y)=X$, there is $y\in Y$ such that $v(y)=f(y)$.

*Proof.* Assume $\sigma_0^*(X)= 0$, and let $Y,v,f$ be as above. Then we set
$$ C:= \{(v(y),f(y))\colon y\in Y\}.$$
Then $C$ satisfies 4. above, and hence intersects the diagonal.

For the opposite direction, we take $Y:= C$, $v:= \pi_1$ and $u:= \pi_2$. $\blacksquare$

So your question is equivalent to the following:

**Question.** Does $\sigma_0^*(X)=0$ imply that $X$ is arc-like?

The following two questions are due to Lelek:

**Question 1.** Does $\sigma(X)=0$ imply that $X$ is arc-like?

**Question 2.** Does $\sigma_0^*(X)=0$ imply $\sigma_0(X)=0$?

(Actually, Lelek asked a stronger question than Question 2 about connected metric spaces.)

Question 1 was particularly famous, and appeared in a number of problem lists. As mentioned above, it was disproved by Hoehn in 2011, giving a negative answer to your question.

I am not sure about the state of Question 2 for continua (but please note that I am not an expert in the area). A search did find an article (Ye, Liu, *A space with infinite span and zero surjective span*, Topology and its Applications 2001, DOI:10.1016/S0166-8641(00)00045-6), answering a related question of Lelek, but for non-compact spaces. I haven't checked this in detail, but from the summary it does not seem to lead easily to an answer for continua.

**EDIT.** Logan Hoehn kindly confirmed that the question of span versus surjective span is still open, as far as he knows. In his thesis, he gave an example of a continuum whose span equals four times the surjective span. (Lelek asked whether the span is always at most twice the surjective span.) This still seems to be the best-known result.