$\DeclareMathOperator\Div{Div}$**Edit:** The correct formulation of the vector space $S(X)$ which is defined in this question is the following:$$S(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\mid X.\omega(X,Y)=(1/n)\Div(X)\omega(X,Y)\}.$$ This mistake (typos)had been occurred in remark 6, page 7 of Taghavi - On periodic solutions of Liénard equations.

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\mid X.\omega(X,Y)=n\Div(X)\omega(X,Y)\}.$$ Here $\Div$ is the divergence corresponding to the volume form $\omega^{n}$

This vector space contains the Lie algebra $C(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\mid [X,Y]=0\}$. It also contains the Lie algebra $M(X)=\{fX\mid f\in C^{\infty}(M)\}$.

Note that, according to the above definition of $S(X)$, the inclusion $C(X)\subset S(X)$ sensitively depends on the scalar $n$. If we replace $n$ by another scalar, this inclusion is no longer true. (Nevertheless the inclusion $M(X)\subset S(X)$ is not sensitive to this scalar, that is, it is valid for every other scalar.)

**Questions:**

What other interesting Lie algebras are contained in $S(X)$?

Is $S(X)$ a Lie subalgebra of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$? If the answer is yes, what are some interesting ideals of $S(X)$? If the answer is no, is the Lie algebra generated by $S(X)$ equal to the Lie algebra generated by $C(X)$ and $M(X)$?

Motivated by the usual dynamical question "Is the triviality of centralizer a generic situation?", we ask: Is it true to say that for a generic vector field $X$ we have $S(X)=M(X)$?

**Note: At the international workshop on dynamical system in ICTP, Italy, 2001, I heard from a specialist of dynamical system that "the centralizer problem has various aspects both in discrete and continuous dynamics, but I think that the symplectic version of this problem is interesting and unknown". So this my post is a try for a possible symplectization of "centralizer problem".**

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'd file, and can be opened as such.) $\endgroup$ – LSpice Sep 17 '18 at 23:30