# What is the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on unit sphere $S^n$?

We know that the first eigenvalue of Laplacian on the Riemannian unit sphere $S^n$ is $n$, then what is the explicit expression for the first eigenvalue of $p$-Laplacian on $S^n$?

The $p$-Laplacian eigevalue equation is $-div(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u)=\lambda| u|^{p-2}u$, for any $p>1$.

For the case $$n=1$$, it is well known that for the domain $$\Omega = (a,b)$$, the first eigenvalue for the $$p$$-Laplacian is given by $$\lambda_1 = (p-1)(\frac{\pi_p}{b-a}),$$ where $$\pi_p = 2\int_0^1 \frac{ds}{\sqrt[p]{1-s^p}}.$$
For higher dimensions (n>1) where $$p>1, p \neq 2$$, the explicit expression is not known even for simple domains such as the sphere and the square. However, it is known that $$\lambda_1$$ is positive, simple, and the corresponding eigenfunction does not change sign.
Several numerical algorithms exist for computing the first eigenvalue of the $$p$$-Laplacian. For an iterative method, see http://arxiv.org/pdf/1011.3172.pdf. For an gradient descent algorithm based on the Rayleigh quotient formulation, see http://arxiv.org/pdf/1106.0602.pdf.