I'm interested in bounds for the number of unique determinants of NxN (0,1)-matrices. Obviously some of these matrices will be singular and therefore will trivially have zero determinant. While it might also be interesting to ask what number of NxN (0,1)-matrices are singular or non-singular, I'd like to ignore singular matrices altogether in this question.

To get a better grasp on the problem I wrote a computer program to search for the values given an input N. The output is below:

1x1: 2 possible determinants

2x2: 3 ...

3x3: 5 ...

4x4: 9 ...

5x5: 19 ...

Because the program is simply designed to just a brute force over every possible matrix the computation time grows with respect to $O(2^{N^2})$. Computing 6x6 looks like it is going to take me close to a month and 7x7 is beyond hope without access to a cluster. I don't feel like this limited amount of output is enough to make a solid conjecture.

I have a practical application in mind, but I'd also like to get the bounds to satiate my curiosity.