I recently stumbled over the "Happy Ending Problem" (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_Ending_problem), which made we wonder, if there are other conjectures, theorems or problems, whose names do not give any indication to what they are about or, to which person it is related;
the "kissing number" would not qualify here, because it is a definition, but neither a problem nor a theorem.
Besides the "Happy Ending Theorem", I also found
the "No-Ghost Theorem" (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goddard%E2%80%93Thorn_theorem) in the context of "Monstrous Moonshine".
the "Mother Worm Problem" (cf e.g. http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/0/7/8/9/p207895_index.html?phpsessid=a0a1836d9b5ca905a3cff4af0fa64752)
the "Dining Philosophers Problem" (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dining_philosophers_problem)