# Realizing algebraic curves as complete intersections

I have two related questions about smooth complete algebraic curves (over $\mathbb{C}$).

1. Does there exist a smooth complete algebraic curve $X$ that cannot be embedded as a complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for any $n$ (nb: this is different from asking if every smooth curve in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is a complete intersection, which is of course false; e.g. the twisted cubic)? I expect that the answer is "yes", though it might be "no" for specific genera (and I'd be interested in known these genera). If you bounded $n$, then probably you could use the fact that the moduli space of curves is of general type for large genus to prove this.

2. Fix a genus $g$. Does there exist some $n$ such that $\mathbb{P}^n$ contains a smooth genus $g$ curve as a complete intersection? I'm not really sure if the answer should be yes or no; if it is no, then I'd be interested in knowing which $g$ satisfy this.

1) The genus of a complete intersection of multidegree $$(d_1,\ldots ,d_{n-1})$$ in $$\mathbb{P}^n$$ is $$g=1+\frac{1}{2} d_1\cdot \ldots \cdot d_{n-1}(\sum d_i-n-1)$$ (just compute the degree of the canonical bundle). This gives very particular values for $$g$$: $$0, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 13, 15, 16,\dotsc$$ . Any curve whose genus is not in this list cannot be realized as a complete intersection.
2) Even if $$g$$ is in that list, for $$g>5$$ a general curve of genus $$g$$ cannot be realized as a complete intersection, since the number of moduli of such complete intersection is smaller than $$3g-3$$ (the number of moduli of a general curve of genus $$g$$).
• You write "$g=1,\ldots,5,9,10,12,16,\ldots$", but $g=2$ does not occur (while $g=0$ of course does). Aug 30 '14 at 4:26