I am trying to understand better the behaviour and character of modular tensor categories over non-algebraically closed fields. How weird can they be?

The reason I am interested in this is that my collaborators and I are investigating extended 3D tqfts. These are known to be related to Modular Tensor Categories via the Reshetikhin-Turaev construction. However most of the literature seems to be focused on the case where the MTC is defined over an algebraically closed field, usually the complex numbers.

I don't see a reason to restrict to this case and I can imagine that there could be some very interesting examples, and hence interesting invariants, in other cases to.

For example over field $k$, a finite semisimple linear category will have simple objects whose endomorphisms rings are division algebras over $k$. If $k$ is algebraically closed, then all we get are copies of $k$. If $k$ is not algebraically closed then it is more interesting as we can have objects with different division algebras as endomorphisms.

Can this happen in a modular tensor category? i.e. is there an example of a Modular Tensor Category such that the simple objects have different division algebras for their endomorphism rings? What if we drop the requirement End(1) = k?

How sticky can it get?

define$k$ to be $End(1)$. So, by definition, you then always have $End(1) = k$, and the question is what happens when you take $k$ to be a ring that looks further and further from an algebraically closed field. $\endgroup$ – André Henriques Jul 16 '14 at 14:28