When constructing minimax (sup-norm) polynomial approximations of real-valued functions, well-known results say (roughly speaking) that optimal solutions are characterized by the fact that they have equi-oscillatory errors.

Can this be generalised to cover approximation of 2D or 3D curves?

The simplest example is the first quadrant of the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 1$. I have constructed very good approximations using polynomials $P(t) = (u(t), v(t))$, and I find that they are equi-oscillatory, in the sense that the error function $u(t)^2 + v(t)^2 -1$ oscillates equally about zero. I'd like to know if there's any theory that supports this experimental finding.

Of course, I could just write the circle quadrant as $x=\cos t$, $y=\sin t$, and approximate the sine and cosine functions by polynomials on $[0, \tfrac12 \pi]$. But this is a different problem, and this approach gives circle approximations that are significantly inferior to the ones I constructed. So, decomposing the 2D problem into two 1D ones is not what I'm after.

In three dimensions, my "curve" would be given by a pair of equations $f(x,y,z)=0$ and $g(x,y,z)=0$. In this case, I don't even know how to define "equi-oscillatory" or even "oscillation".

I asked this question on Math.Stackexchange, and got zero response.

For circles, specifically, there are some good results in the answers to this related question, but no progress on more general curves or any underlying theory.

**Edit:** Here is a more formal/rigorous statement of the 2D problem. We are given a function $f:\mathbf{R}^2 \to \mathbf{R}$, and we are considering the set $F = \{(x,y) \in
\mathbf{R}^2 : f(x,y)=0\}$ to be a planar curve. Let $P_0 = (x_0, y_0)$ and $P_1 = (x_1, y_1)$ be two points in $F$ (i.e. two point on our curve). We can assume that $P_0$ and $P_1$ belong to the same connected component of $F$. For each $(x,y) \in \mathbf{R}^2$, let $d(x,y)$ denote the Euclidean distance from $(x,y)$ to the set $F$. I want to find polynomials $u:[0,1] \to \mathbf{R}$ and $v:[0,1] \to \mathbf{R}$ such that
$$
u(0) = x_0 \quad ; \quad
u(1) = x_1 \\
v(0) = y_0 \quad ; \quad
v(1) = y_1
$$
and such that
$$
\max\big\{ d\big(u(t),v(t)\big) : t \in [0,1]\big\}
$$
is minimised. In other words, I want the curve $t \mapsto \big( u(t), v(t) \big)$ to be an optimal approximation of the portion of my original curve lying between the points $P_0$ and $P_1$. And I'm interested in knowing if this optimal solution is equi-oscillatory, in some sense.

A simple concrete example is $f(x,y) = x^2y^2 + (x-1)(x-2)$, with $P_0 = (0,0)$ and $P_1=(2,0)$. I want an optimal approximation of the piece where $y \ge 0$. It looks like this: