Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective variety of dimension $n$ over the complex numbers (let us assume it is the complement of a normal crossings divisor in a smooth projective variety).

Then how does the mixed Hodge structure on cohomology with compact support relate to that of the usual cohomology.

By Poincare duality $H^k_c(X) \cong H^{2n-k}(X)$. But is this compatible with he mixed Hodge structures.

In my toy example $X$ is affine and $H^k(X)$ has pure Hodge structure of weight $2k$, can I figure out the weight of the Hodge structure on $H^k_c(X)$ from this?

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    $\begingroup$ For the reasons explained in Dan's answer, $H^k_c(X)\cong H^{2n-k}(X)^*\otimes \mathbb{Q}(-n)$ as MHS. In general, the weights are compatible with what happens in etale cohomology (I'm not sure if that helps you). $\endgroup$ – Donu Arapura Mar 21 '14 at 15:43

${}$Hi Chitro. The Poincaré duality pairing $H^k(X) \otimes H^{2n-k}_c(X) \to H^{2n}_c(X)$ is a morphism of mixed Hodge structures. So in your example, for instance, $H^{2n-k}_c(X)$ is pure of weight $2n-2k$.


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