**Question:** "1) I would like to know however: What is the rank of the vector bundle $J^k(E)$?

- Is $J^k(E)$ holomorphic in the case when $(E,π,X)$ is holomorphic?"

**Question 2**:

Here you find an explicit and elementary construction of the holomorphic jetbundle $J^k(E)$:

https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/45627/grothendieck-connections-and-jets/3965791#3965791

Citation: Example. Let $M$ be a complex manifold with structure sheaf $\mathcal{O}_M$ and let $\mathcal{E}$ be a locally trivial $\mathcal{O}_M$-module of finite rank. Let $\mathcal{O}_{M\times M}$ be the structure sheaf of the product manifold and let $p,q:M\times M \rightarrow M$ be the two projection maps. You may define $J^l_M:=\mathcal{O}_{M\times M}/I^{l+1}$ where $I$ is the "ideal of the diagonal", and $J^l_M(\mathcal{E}):=p_*(J^l_M \otimes q^*\mathcal{E})$.
There is a Taylor morphism,

T6. $T^l: \mathcal{E}\rightarrow J^l_M(\mathcal{E})$

similar to the map T1 defined in the algebraic case. Note that when $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a map of complex manifolds, the pull back $f^*\mathcal{E}$ is defined as follows. The map $f$ induce a map

T7. $f^{\#}:\mathcal{O}_Y \rightarrow f_*\mathcal{O}_X$.

Let $U\subseteq Y$ be an open set and let $f_U:f^{-1}(U)\rightarrow U$ be the restricted map. Since $f$ is holomorphic it follows $f_U$ is holomorphic.
If $s\in \mathcal{O}_Y(U)$ is a holomorphic function it follows $s\circ f\in \mathcal{O}_X(f^{-1}(U))$ is a holomorphic function, inducing the map $f^{\#}$. We get an induced map $\tilde{f}: f^{-1}(\mathcal{O}_Y)\rightarrow \mathcal{O}_X$. Since $\mathcal{E}$ is an $\mathcal{O}_Y$-module it follows $f^{-1}(\mathcal{E})$ is an $f^{-1}(\mathcal{O}_Y)$-module, and we define

T8. $f^*\mathcal{E}:=\mathcal{O}_X\otimes_{f^{-1}(\mathcal{O}_Y)}f^{-1}(\mathcal{E})$.

It follows the left $\mathcal{O}_X$-module $J^l(\mathcal{E})$ is a locally trivial sheaf of finite rank on $X$. I believe Hartshornes Exercise II.5.18 is true in this case, hence there is an equivalence of categories between the category of finite rank locally trivial sheaves on $X$ and the category of finite rank holomorphic vector bundles on $X$. Hence to $J^l(\mathcal{E})$ you should get a holomorphic vector bundle $J^l_{h}(\mathcal{E})$ whose fiber is the fiber described above. This gives a global definition valid for any finite rank locally free sheaf on any complex manifold.

**Example.** There is for every $l\geq 1$ a short exact sequence

$$ 0 \rightarrow I^{l}/I^{l+1}\otimes E \rightarrow J^l(E) \rightarrow J^{l-1}(E) \rightarrow 0$$

of locally trivial $\mathcal{O}_M$-modules. When you take the associated "holomorphic vector bundle" you should get a short exact sequence of holomorphic vector bundles

$$ 0 \rightarrow (I^l/I^{l+1})_h \rightarrow J^l_h(E) \rightarrow J^{l-1}_h(E) \rightarrow 0.$$

When $l=1$ you should get the "Atiyah sequence"

$$A1.\text{ }0 \rightarrow \Omega^1_h \otimes E_h \rightarrow J^1_h(E) \rightarrow E_h \rightarrow 0.$$

The Atiyah A1 sequence is an exact sequence of holomorphic vector bundles.

**Question 1.**: If $rk(E)=e, dim(X)=n$ it follows there is an explicit formula for the rank:

$$rk(J^k(E))=e\binom{n+k}{n}.$$

**Note 1.** For a complex projective manifold $X_{an} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ and a locally free finite rank $\mathcal{O}_X$-module $E$ on $X$, where $X$ is the algebraic variety corresponding to $X_{an}$, the following holds: There is an isomorphism

$$ J^l_{X}(E)_{an} \cong J^l_{X_{an}}(E_{an})$$

of locally trivial $\mathcal{O}_{X_{an}}$-modules.

**Note 2.** If $X\subseteq \mathbb{P}^m_{\mathbb{C}}$ is a complex projective variety of dimension $d$ and $E$ a locally trivial $\mathcal{O}_X$-module of rank $e$, let $X(\mathbb{R})$ be the "underlying" real algebraic variety of $X$ (the Weil restriction of $X$) and let $E(\mathbb{R})$ be the "underlying" locally trivial $\mathcal{O}_{X(\mathbb{R})}$-module of rank $2e$. It follows

$$W1. \text{ }rk(J^l(E)(\mathbb{R}))=2e\binom{d+l}{d}$$

and

$$W2.\text{ }rk(J^l_{X(\mathbb{R})}(E(\mathbb{R}))=2e\binom{2d+l}{2d}$$

hence these two bundles are not isomorphic in general: The Weil restriction functor does not "commute" with the "jet bundle functor". The bundle in W1 has by definition a structure as $\mathcal{O}_X$-module, the bundle in W2
does not.