You do not tell the crucial thing: how large is $|f'(0)|$.
There is no simple expression for coefficients or any other simple expression for $h$,
even when $f$ is quadratic polynomial $\lambda z+z^2$.

However the global behavior of $h$ has been studied a lot, with remarkable results.

In the following description, I assume for simplicity that $f$ is a polynomial.

If $|f'(0)|<1$, $h$ is analytic in a neighborhood of $0$. It has an analytic continuation
to the immediate domain of attraction of $0$, the boundary of this domain is the natural boundary for $h$, and the boundary behaviour of $h$ is relatively well understood.

If $|f'(0)|$ is a root of unity, the equation has no solution, even as a formal series.

If $|f'(0)|=1$ but not a root of unity, a formal power series $h$ exists. Let $f'(0)=e^{2\pi i\alpha}$, then everything depends on the fine Diophantine properties of $\alpha$. For quadratic polynomial $f$, there is a necessary
and sufficient condition in terms of $\alpha$ for $h$ to be analytic in a neighborhood
of $0$ (Yoccoz got a Fields medal for this). When analytic, its maximal domain of analyticity is the so-called Siegel disc, and $h$ maps this Siegel disc onto a round disc bijectively.

When $|f'(0)|>1$, $h$ exists but its analytic continuation is not single valued. However
the inverse of $h$ has a nice property: it is an entire function of finite order. This result is due to Poincare and Valiron.

For the introduction to the properties of this function see P. Fatou, Sur les equations fonctionnelles, in 3 parts, available on
https://www.math.purdue.edu/~eremenko/books-papers.html
and G. Valiron, Fonctions analytiques, Paris, Press Universitaires, 1954.
For the case $|f'(0)|=1$, see the work of Yoccoz.

It follows from this brief description that there can be no simple expression for $h$
(whatever polynomial $f$ of degree at least $2$ you use). It is easy to obtain a recurrence for coefficients, but it is very complicated, and can hardly be used to
study $h$. One exception is the work of Siegel on the case $|f'(0)|=1$. he was able to show that the radius of convergence of the power series is positive for certain $\alpha$ by a kind of direct analysis of this recurrence.