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The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this,

For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity $$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin \frac{z \pi}{2} \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\cos 2 \pi a n}{n^{1-z}} + \cos \frac{z \pi}{2} \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\sin 2 \pi a n}{n^{1-z}} \right] \,$$

  • Now from this (or otherwise!) how do I show that, $\xi(s,\frac{1}{2}) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{ (n + \frac{1}{2} )^s }$

  • It seems that for any $k$ even and $d$ a positive integer there is such a sum over inverse powers representation of $\xi(s-k,\frac{d}{2}-1 )$ - it would be great to know if there is a general expression here!

  • Any insight/motivation about this $\xi(z,a)$ function would be a great help.

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    $\begingroup$ Is $\zeta$ same as $\xi$? $\endgroup$
    – user11000
    Dec 8, 2013 at 4:59
  • $\begingroup$ A functional equation might help. $\endgroup$ Dec 8, 2013 at 5:59
  • $\begingroup$ @user17762 Yes! Sorry for the typo! $\endgroup$
    – user6818
    Dec 8, 2013 at 7:38
  • $\begingroup$ @MustafaSaid May be you can elaborate... $\endgroup$
    – user6818
    Dec 8, 2013 at 7:38
  • $\begingroup$ @user6818, the Hurwitz zeta function satisfies the functional equation, $\zeta(1-s, \frac{m}{n}) = \frac{2 \Gamma (s)}{(2 \pi n)^s} \sum_{k=1}^n [\cos(\frac{\pi s}{2} - \frac{2\pi km}{n}) \zeta(s, k/n)]$ that holds for all values of $s$ and integers, $1 \leq m \leq n$. Now let $m/n = 1/2$ and compare both sides of the functional equation. I suspect that this will give you the desired expression for $\zeta(s, 1/2)$. $\endgroup$ Dec 8, 2013 at 8:23

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The definition of the Hurwitz-Riemann $\zeta$ function is:

\begin{eqnarray} \zeta(s, x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+x)^s} \quad , \quad x>0 \end{eqnarray} with $s \in \mathbb{C} \; , \; \mathrm{Re}(s)>1$.

If $x=1$, Hurwitz-Riemann Zeta-function is reduced the original Riemann Zeta function. That is, by default we assume $\zeta(s,1)=\zeta(s)$.

Now, there are hundreds of representations of the Hurwitz-Riemann Zeta-function. The one you show is just one of them.

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