I am looking for books that discuss the origins of the zero, specifically the differences in the use and concept of the zero number among different civilizations (considering also the Mesoamerican cultures).
There is also the little book by Robert Kaplan, The Nothing that is: a Natural History of Zero (Oxford University Press, 2000).
Since no other answer came up, I repeat my comment as an answer. The book written by Charles Seife: Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea which won the 2000 PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction. And you may find a review to the book (written by Jeremy Gray in Notices) here .
Alain Schärlig, Du zéro à la virgule; Les chiffres arabes à la conquête de l'Europe, 1143–1585, Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, Lausanne, 2010. 296 pp. ISBN: 978-2-88074-890-6. MR2741951
Rabindrnath Mukherjee, Discovery of zero and its impact on Indian mathematics, Das Gupta & Company Private Ltd., Calcutta, 1991. MR1314426
Georges Ifrah, From one to zero; A universal history of numbers, Penguin Books, New York, 1987. xvi+503 pp. ISBN: 0-14-009919-0. MR0915160