# Special values of continuous q - Hermite polynomials

The continuous $q-$Hermite polynomials are defined by

$${H_{n + 1}}(x|q) = 2x{H_n}(x|q) +( {q^n}-1){H_{n - 1}}(x|q)$$

with initial values ${H_{ - 1}}(x|q) = 0$ and ${H_0}(x|q) = 1.$

The only simple special values I know of are $$\sqrt {{q^n}} {H_n}\left( {\frac{1}{2}\left( {\sqrt q + \frac{1}{{\sqrt q }}} \right)|{q^2}} \right) = (1 + q)(1 + {q^2}) \cdots (1 + {q^n}).$$ I have seen this formula in the literature but do not remember where. Could you please give me some references? Are there other simple special values known?

• Why are there 3 variables inside $H_n$ in your special-value formula ? – F. C. Jun 7 '13 at 15:27
• Sorry, I have corrected it. – Johann Cigler Jun 7 '13 at 19:50
• The value at $x=q-1$ is divisible by a power of $q-1$. – F. C. Feb 10 '14 at 16:20

From Koekoek and Swarttouw take the Askey-Wilson polynomials $$p_n(x;a,b,c,d|q) = \frac{(ab, ac, ad | q)_n}{a^n} {}_4 \phi_{3} (q^{-n}, abcdq^{n-1}, ae^{i\theta}, ae^{-i\theta}; ab, ac, ad; q, q).$$ It is easily seen that $$p_n(\frac{1}{2}(a + a^{-1}); a, b, c, d | q) = a^{-n}(ab,ac,ad;q)_n,$$ and since the Askey-Wilson polynomials are symmetric in $a$, $b$, $c$ and $d$ you have a similar result for $x = \frac{1}{2}(b + b^{-1})$, $x = \frac{1}{2}(c + c^{-1})$ and $x = \frac{1}{2}(d + d^{-1})$.
Now let's rewrite $H_n(x|q^2)$ in Askey-Wilson polynomials. From exercise 9.10.ii from Basic Hypergeometric Series from George Fasper and Mizan Rahman you have quadratic transformation $$H_n(x|q^2) = Q_n(x;q^{1/2},-q^{1/2}|q)$$ where $Q_n$ are the Al-Salam-Chihara polynomials.
Then following (limit) transformations (http://aw.twi.tudelft.nl/~koekoek/askey/ch4/ch4.html) we rewrite: $$Q_n(x;q^{1/2},-q^{1/2}|q) = p_n(x;q^{1/2},-q^{1/2},0,0|q).$$ And therefore $$H_n(\frac{1}{2}(q^{1/2} + q^{-1/2})|q^2) = \frac{(-q;q)_n}{q^{n/2}}.$$